ES6 - Image Map


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You can use JavaScript to create a client-side image map. Client-side image maps are enabled by the usemap attribute for the <img /> tag and defined by special <map> and <area> extension tags.

The image that is going to form the map is inserted into the page using the <img /> element as normal, except that it carries an extra attribute called usemap. The value of the usemap attribute is the value of the name attribute on the <map> element, which you are about to meet, preceded by a pound or a hash sign.

The <map> element actually creates the map for the image and usually follows directly after the <img /> element. It acts as a container for the <area /> elements that actually define the clickable hotspots. The <map> element carries only one attribute, the name attribute, which is the name that identifies the map. This is how the <img /> element knows which <map> element to use.

The <area> element specifies the shape and the coordinates that define the boundaries of each clickable hotspot.

The following code combines imagemaps and JavaScript to produce a message in a text box when the mouse is moved over different parts of an image.

<html> 
   <head> 
      <title>Using JavaScript Image Map</title>
      
      <script type="text/javascript"> 
         <!--  
            function showTutorial(name) {  
               document.myform.stage.value = name  
            }  
            //
         --> 
      </script> 
   </head> 

   <body> 
      <form name = "myform"> 
         <input type = "text" name = "stage" size = "20" /> 
      </form> 
      
      <!-- Create  Mappings --> 
      <img src = "//images/usemap.gif" alt = "HTML Map" 
         border = "0" usemap = "#tutorials"/> 
      <map name = "tutorials"> 
         <area shape = "poly" 
            coords = "74,0,113,29,98,72,52,72,38,27" 
            href = "/perl/index.htm" alt = "Perl Tutorial" 
            target = "_self" 
            onMouseOver = "showTutorial('perl')" 
            onMouseOut = "showTutorial('')"/>
         <area shape = "rect"   
            coords = "22,83,126,125"  
            href = "/html/index.htm" alt = "HTML Tutorial" target = "_self"   
            onMouseOver = "showTutorial('html')"         
            onMouseOut = "showTutorial('')"/>  
         <area shape = "circle"  coords = "73,168,32"  
            href = "/php/index.htm" alt = "PHP Tutorial" target = "_self"   
            onMouseOver = "showTutorial('php')"       
            onMouseOut = "showTutorial('')"/> 
      </map> 
   </body>
   
</html>

The following output is displayed on successful execution of the above code. You can feel the map concept by placing the mouse cursor on the image object.



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