ES6 - else…if Ladder


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The else…if ladder is useful to test multiple conditions. Following is the syntax of the same.

if (boolean_expression1) {
   //statements if the expression1 evaluates to true
}
else if (boolean_expression2) {
   //statements if the expression2 evaluates to true
} else {
   //statements if both expression1 and expression2 result to false
}

When using if…else statements, there are a few points to keep in mind.

  • An if can have zero or one else's and it must come after any else if's.
  • An if can have zero to many else if's and they must come before the else.
  • Once an else if succeeds, none of the remaining else if's or else's will be tested.

Example: else…if ladder

var num=2
if(num > 0) {
   console.log(num+" is positive")
} else if(num < 0) {
   console.log(num+" is negative")
} else {
   console.log(num+" is neither positive nor negative")
}

The code displays whether the value is positive, negative, or zero.

The following output is displayed on successful execution of the above code.

2 is positive
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