EasyMock - createNiceMock


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EasyMock.createNiceMock() creates a mock and sets the default implementation of each method of the mock. If EasyMock.createMock() is used, then invoking the mock method throws assertion error.

Syntax

calcService = EasyMock.createNiceMock(CalculatorService.class);

Example

Step 1: Create an interface called CalculatorService to provide mathematical functions.

File: CalculatorService.java

public interface CalculatorService {
   public double add(double input1, double input2);
   public double subtract(double input1, double input2);
   public double multiply(double input1, double input2);
   public double divide(double input1, double input2);
}

Step 2: Create a JAVA class to represent MathApplication

File: MathApplication.java

public class MathApplication {
   private CalculatorService calcService;

   public void setCalculatorService(CalculatorService calcService){
      this.calcService = calcService;
   }
   
   public double add(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.add(input1, input2);		
   }
   
   public double subtract(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.subtract(input1, input2);
   }
   
   public double multiply(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.multiply(input1, input2);
   }
   
   public double divide(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.divide(input1, input2);
   }
}

Step 3: Test the MathApplication class

Let's test the MathApplication class, by injecting in it a mock of calculatorService. Mock will be created by EasyMock.

Here we've added one mock method call, add(), via expect(). However during testing, we've called subtract() and other methods as well. When we create a mock object using EasyMock.createNiceMock(), the default implementation with default values are available.

File: MathApplicationTester.java

import org.easymock.EasyMock;
import org.easymock.EasyMockRunner;

import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;

@RunWith(EasyMockRunner.class)
public class MathApplicationTester {
	
   private MathApplication mathApplication;
   
   private CalculatorService calcService;

   @Before
   public void setUp(){
      mathApplication = new MathApplication();
      calcService = EasyMock.createNiceMock(CalculatorService.class);
      mathApplication.setCalculatorService(calcService);
   }

   @Test
   public void testCalcService(){
      
      //add the behavior to add numbers
      EasyMock.expect(calcService.add(20.0,10.0)).andReturn(30.0);
      
      //activate the mock
      EasyMock.replay(calcService);	
      
      //test the add functionality
      Assert.assertEquals(mathApplication.add(20.0, 10.0),30.0,0);
      
      //test the subtract functionality
      Assert.assertEquals(mathApplication.subtract(20.0, 10.0),0.0,0);
      
      //test the multiply functionality
      Assert.assertEquals(mathApplication.divide(20.0, 10.0),0.0,0);		
      
      //test the divide functionality
      Assert.assertEquals(mathApplication.multiply(20.0, 10.0),0.0,0);

      //verify call to calcService is made or not
      EasyMock.verify(calcService);
   }
}

Step 4: Execute test cases

Create a java class file named TestRunner inC:\> EasyMock_WORKSPACE to execute Test case(s).

File: TestRunner.java

import org.junit.runner.JUnitCore;
import org.junit.runner.Result;
import org.junit.runner.notification.Failure;

public class TestRunner {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Result result = JUnitCore.runClasses(MathApplicationTester.class);
      
      for (Failure failure : result.getFailures()) {
         System.out.println(failure.toString());
      }
      
      System.out.println(result.wasSuccessful());
   }
}  	

Step 5: Verify the Result

Compile the classes using javac compiler as follows:

C:\EasyMock_WORKSPACE>javac MathApplicationTester.java

Now run the Test Runner to see the result:

C:\EasyMock_WORKSPACE>java TestRunner

Verify the output.

true


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