EasyMock - Adding Behavior


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EasyMock adds a functionality to a mock object using the methods expect() and expectLassCall(). Take a look at the following code snippet.

//add the behavior of calc service to add two numbers
EasyMock.expect(calcService.add(10.0,20.0)).andReturn(30.00);

Here we've instructed EasyMock to give a behavior of adding 10 and 20 to the add method of calcService and as a result, to return the value of 30.00.

At this point of time, Mock simply recorded the behavior but it is not working as a mock object. After calling replay, it works as expected.

//add the behavior of calc service to add two numbers
EasyMock.expect(calcService.add(10.0,20.0)).andReturn(30.00);

//activate the mock
//EasyMock.replay(calcService);

Example without EasyMock.Replay()

Step 1: Create an interface called CalculatorService to provide mathematical functions

File: CalculatorService.java

public interface CalculatorService {
   public double add(double input1, double input2);
   public double subtract(double input1, double input2);
   public double multiply(double input1, double input2);
   public double divide(double input1, double input2);
}

Step 2: Create a JAVA class to represent MathApplication

File: MathApplication.java

public class MathApplication {
   private CalculatorService calcService;

   public void setCalculatorService(CalculatorService calcService){
      this.calcService = calcService;
   }
   
   public double add(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.add(input1, input2);
   }
   
   public double subtract(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.subtract(input1, input2);
   }
   
   public double multiply(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.multiply(input1, input2);
   }
   
   public double divide(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.divide(input1, input2);
   }
}

Step 3: Test the MathApplication class

Let's test the MathApplication class, by injecting in it a mock of calculatorService. Mock will be created by EasyMock.

File: MathApplicationTester.java

import org.easymock.EasyMock;
import org.easymock.EasyMockRunner;
import org.easymock.Mock;
import org.easymock.TestSubject;

import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;

//@RunWith attaches a runner with the test class to initialize the test data
@RunWith(EasyMockRunner.class)
public class MathApplicationTester {
	
   // @TestSubject annotation is used to identify the class which is going to use the mock object
   @TestSubject
   MathApplication mathApplication = new MathApplication();

   //@Mock annotation is used to create the mock object to be injected
   @Mock
   CalculatorService calcService;

   @Test
   public void testAdd(){
      
      //add the behavior of calc service to add two numbers
      EasyMock.expect(calcService.add(10.0,20.0)).andReturn(30.00);

      //activate the mock
      //EasyMock.replay(calcService);	
		
      //test the add functionality
      Assert.assertEquals(mathApplication.add(10.0, 20.0),30.0,0);
   }
}

Step 4: Execute test cases

Create a java class file named TestRunner in C:\>EasyMock_WORKSPACE to execute the test case(s).

File: TestRunner.java

import org.junit.runner.JUnitCore;
import org.junit.runner.Result;
import org.junit.runner.notification.Failure;

public class TestRunner {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Result result = JUnitCore.runClasses(MathApplicationTester.class);
      
      for (Failure failure : result.getFailures()) {
         System.out.println(failure.toString());
      }
      
      System.out.println(result.wasSuccessful());
   }
}  	

Step 5: Verify the Result

Compile the classes using javac compiler as follows:

C:\EasyMock_WORKSPACE>javac Calculator Service.java Math Application.java Math Application Tester.java Test Runner.java

Now run the Test Runner to see the result:

C:\EasyMock_WORKSPACE>java TestRunner

Verify the output.

testAdd(MathApplicationTester): expected:<0.0> but was:<30.0>
false

Example with EasyMock.Replay()

Step 1: Create an interface called CalculatorService to provide mathematical functions.

File: CalculatorService.java

public interface CalculatorService {
   public double add(double input1, double input2);
   public double subtract(double input1, double input2);
   public double multiply(double input1, double input2);
   public double divide(double input1, double input2);
}

Step 2: Create a JAVA class to represent MathApplication.

File: MathApplication.java

public class MathApplication {
   private CalculatorService calcService;

   public void setCalculatorService(CalculatorService calcService){
      this.calcService = calcService;
   }
   
   public double add(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.add(input1, input2);
   }
   
   public double subtract(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.subtract(input1, input2);
   }
   
   public double multiply(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.multiply(input1, input2);
   }
   
   public double divide(double input1, double input2){
      return calcService.divide(input1, input2);
   }
}

Step 3: Test the MathApplication class

Let's test the MathApplication class, by injecting in it a mock of calculatorService. Mock will be created by EasyMock.

File: MathApplicationTester.java

import org.easymock.EasyMock;
import org.easymock.EasyMockRunner;
import org.easymock.Mock;
import org.easymock.TestSubject;

import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Before;
import org.junit.Test;
import org.junit.runner.RunWith;

// @RunWith attaches a runner with the test class to initialize the test data
@RunWith(EasyMockRunner.class)
public class MathApplicationTester {
	
   // @TestSubject annotation is used to identify class which is going to use the mock object
   @TestSubject
   MathApplication mathApplication = new MathApplication();

   // @Mock annotation is used to create the mock object to be injected
   @Mock
   CalculatorService calcService;

   @Test
   public void testAdd(){
      
      // add the behavior of calc service to add two numbers
      EasyMock.expect(calcService.add(10.0,20.0)).andReturn(30.00);

      //activate the mock
      EasyMock.replay(calcService);	
		
      // test the add functionality
      Assert.assertEquals(mathApplication.add(10.0, 20.0),30.0,0);
   }
}

Step 4: Execute test cases

Create a java class file named TestRunner in C:\>EasyMock_WORKSPACE to execute Test case(s).

File: TestRunner.java

import org.junit.runner.JUnitCore;
import org.junit.runner.Result;
import org.junit.runner.notification.Failure;

public class TestRunner {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      Result result = JUnitCore.runClasses(MathApplicationTester.class);
      
      for (Failure failure : result.getFailures()) {
         System.out.println(failure.toString());
      }
      
      System.out.println(result.wasSuccessful());
   }
}  	

Step 5: Verify the Result

Compile the classes using javac compiler as follows:

C:\EasyMock_WORKSPACE>javac Calculator Service.java Math Application.java Math Application Tester.java Test Runner.java

Now run the Test Runner to see the result.

C:\EasyMock_WORKSPACE>java TestRunner

Verify the output.

true


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