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Early humans in INDIA (Locate)
The record for human existence extends back to millions of years. Because of their occupation, we refer to these people as hunters and gatherers, in today's world. Hunting and gathering were the only ways for early humans to survive. It was their only source of food. They mostly hunted wild animals, caught fish and birds, and foraged for fruits, roots, nuts, seeds, leaves, and eggs.
Furthermore, the enormous variety of plants found in tropical locations indicates that gathering the plants' produce was an exceedingly essential means of acquiring sustenance for the first beings.
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It was incredibly hard to continue these efforts because wild animals are deadly and capable of escaping human control. Some of them were even more powerful and ruthless. As a result, the entire hunting operation was a difficult nut to crack. These individuals needed a lot of patience and a sense of mindset to hunt effectively. It was something they did every day. They had to figure out which plants were edible and which were harmful before collecting them. They also required to keep track of the fruit season, including when the fruits ripen and when they do not.
We get to know about the shreds of evidence of human existence based on the archaeological findings. People likely produced and used tools made of wood, stone, and animal bones to help them survive. Some of these instruments were frequently used to chop raw flesh and bones, as well as to assist in the removal of tree bark and animal hides.
Other tools were used to make spears and arrows for hunting wild animals, chop wood, and rub stones against each other to make fire. Wood was also used to construct shelters and other equipment.
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The stone tool was the most well-known and useful instrument. Early people began to migrate from one location to another in quest of better grade stones. Those sites where good quality of stones were found and where people made equipment’s and tools were called as factory sites.
Where did Early Man live?
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Environmental Evidences About Early Man
There has been significant climate change more than 12,000 years ago. The earth's climate had shifted from a reasonably temperate to a warmer state. In several areas, the climatic changes led to the development of grasslands, which in turn resulted in an increase of fauna and flora. The animals could be seen in huge varieties and in huge no’s from deer to antelopes, from goats to cattle’s and sheep. These were the kind of animals that survived by eating grass.
Hunters and gatherers who relied on these animals for survival followed them, learning about their feeding routines and breeding seasons. It is clear that these humans started to think about herding and rearing these creatures. Also, fishing became a vital source of sustenance.
Several grains, including barley, wheat, and rice, began to self-produce with the support of nature and grasses about the same time.
Men, women, and children were able to learn where these grains were grown and how to collect them for food. They became aware of their ripening seasons as well. This inspired them to start growing their own plants.
Evidences of Existence of Early Humans from Rock Paintings
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There is evidence of artwork on the walls of the caves where these people have lived in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and southern Uttar Pradesh. These paintings feature fantastic depictions of wild animals that are skilfully painted.
As demonstrated by cave paintings, the first people hunted, gathered plant produce, created stone tools, and painted on cave walls. There is no way to know for certain whether women hunted or men made stone tools, whether women painted or men picked fruits and nuts. However, there are at least two alternatives. Many of these things are said to have been done by men and women working together. It's also possible that some chores were done entirely by women, while others were done entirely by males. Furthermore, distinct behaviours could have existed in different parts of the subcontinent.
A Palaeolithic Site - Hungsi
There have been several early Palaeolithic sites unearthed Several sites revealed a large variety of tools being used for diverse activities. These were most likely rock shelter artwork. There is evidence that some of the other, smaller sites produced tools. Some of the sites were close to springs. The majority of the tools were made from locally available limestone.
Q1. When did grasslands emerge?
Ans. Grasslands first evolved roughly 12,000 years ago
Q2. What kind of life did early human beings live?
Ans. The earliest people were nomadic. The first humans moved around and had a nomadic lifestyle. They were looking for food, shelter, and water. They hunted wild animals and gathered fruits, seeds, and nuts to eat.
Q3. How did the early beings-built weapons?
Ans. Animal horns and bones were also used to build weapons. Animal bones and horns were utilised to produce tools because they were strong components of an animal's body that could be honed.
Q4. How long did the stone age period last?
Ans. The New Stone Age lasted from 8,000 BC to approximately 4,000 BC. The Neolithic Age is another name for the New Stone Age. This period follows the Middle Stone Age and is distinguished by sharper and more polished stone implements.
Q5. Where did the early people paint?
Ans. Early human beings painted on the walls of the caves they lived in.
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