Drawing circles on an image with Matplotlib and NumPy

To draw a circle on an image with matplotlib and numpy, we can take the following steps −

  • Set the figure size and adjust the padding between and around the subplots.

  • Read an image from a file into an array.

  • Create x and y data points using numpy.

  • Create a figure and a set of subplots using subplots() method.

  • Display data as an image, i.e., on a 2D regular raster using imshow() method.

  • Turn off the axes.

  • Add patches on the current axes.

  • To display the figure, use show() method.


import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from matplotlib.patches import Circle

plt.rcParams["figure.figsize"] = [7.50, 3.50]
plt.rcParams["figure.autolayout"] = True

img = plt.imread('bird.jpg')

x = np.random.rand(5) * img.shape[1]
y = np.random.rand(5) * img.shape[0]

fig, ax = plt.subplots(1)

for xx, yy in zip(x, y):
   circ = Circle((xx, yy), 50, color='red')



Updated on: 04-Jun-2021

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