Draw the graphs of the equations $5x – y = 5$ and $3x – y = 3$. Determine the coordinates of the vertices of the triangle formed by these lines and the y-axis.

AcademicMathematicsNCERTClass 10

Given:

The equations of the sides of the given triangle are:

$5x\ -\ y\ =\ 5$  and  $3x\ -\ y\ =\ 3$.

To do:

We have to determine the vertices of the given triangle.

Solution:

To represent the above equations graphically we need at least two solutions for each of the equations.

For equation $5x-y=5$,

$y=5x-5$

If $x=0$ then $y=5(0)-5=-5$

If $x=1$ then $y=5(1)-5=5-5=0$

$x$

$0$$1$

$y$

$-5$$0$

For equation $3x-y=3$,

$y=3x-3$

If $x=0$ then $y=3(0)-3=-3$

If $x=1$ then $y=3(1)-3=3-3=0$

$x$

$0$$1$
$y$$-3$$0$

Equation of y-axis is $x=0$. The above situation can be plotted graphically as below:


The lines AB, CD and AC represent the equations $5x-y=5$, $3x-y=3$ and $y=0$ respectively.

As we can see, the points of intersection of the lines AB, CD and AC taken in pairs are the vertices of the given triangle.

Hence, the vertices of the given triangle are $(0,-5), (1,0)$ and $(0,-3)$.

raja
Updated on 10-Oct-2022 13:20:04

Advertisements