Difference between Microservices and Web Services

Microservices are characterized by their compact size and their independence from one another. They bring a fresh perspective to the modularization of software, which itself is not an original idea. They are separate processes that coordinate their efforts and share information with one another in order to complete a mission inside a more comprehensive programme. Businesses now have the ability to implement new technologies in a more timely and efficient manner than ever before, thanks to Microservices.

Web services are any services that are accessible over the internet and are constructed using standard Internet technologies. These technologies are considered to be industry standards. A web service makes use of a standardised XML message protocol, and it is not dependent on any particular computer operating system or programming language.

What are Microservices?

The term "software architecture" refers to microservices. It develops a large sophisticated application out of many smaller components, and each of those smaller components is responsible for a single function. Authentication, notification, and even payment processing are just some of the things that it is capable of doing.

It utilises a particularly particular methodology in the development of its software. The programme is predicated on the premise that when things are broken down into its component parts, they are much simpler to construct and keep up with. In addition, each component that constitutes a microservice has its own central processing unit (CPU), which contributes to the uniqueness of the microservice and ensures that each component executes its own individual process.

Microservice Architecture

Microservice architecture is made up of a collection of separate, self- contained, and relatively small services. Each microservice component has a straightforward interface that it uses to communicate with other services and components.

In order to describe microservice architecture, we need to first acknowledge monolithic architecture, which is a well-known and usual type of architecture. In other words, all of the components of a monolithic architecture exist within a single environment and the data that all of the systems store and use originates from a single central repository. There is a substantial amount of coupling involved in this strategy.

Alternatively, with a microservice design, each feature is contained within its own completely separate component or service and can only be accessible by that component or service. Within the framework of this technique, there is no level of coupling.

Advantages of Using Microservices

Microservices offer the following benefits −

  • Each component of a microservice runs its own operations and is responsible for deploying its own services, which enables quick decision-making.

  • Because multiple teams can work on separate aspects of service implementation at the same time, inter-team dependencies can be reduced or eliminated entirely. All of this occurs as a direct result of the limited scope and independence of Microservice.

  • Due to the ease with which it can be deployed on containers, microservices offer greater mobility when used in conjunction with a variety of computing platforms and settings.

  • Because of the increased elasticity of each service, scalability is relatively easier and more performant in a microservice architecture.

  • Even if one of the Microservices stops working, the others will continue to operate normally.

Drawbacks of Using Microservices

Microservices have the following drawbacks −

  • When compared to its monolithic counterpart, the microservice version of an application is more difficult to understand due to the greater number of moving pieces it contains.

  • Testing the microservices can be a difficult and time-consuming process, mostly due to the distributed structure of the services themselves. Due to the fact that the components are scattered in multiple locations, developers are unable to test a full system from a single machine.

  • A process that might be time-consuming is dealing with several databases.

  • The vast number of APIs, each of which is essential to the successful functioning of the business, makes the control of the interface extremely important.

  • It requires a suitable amount of hosting infrastructure together with support for security and maintenance. Therefore, it requires a large number of highly skilled employees as well as development teams.

What are Web Services?

A web service is a form of software architecture that allows for the provision of services such as data messaging and communication via the World Wide Web using a standardized messaging system (World Wide Web). It can refer either to the program, software, or cloud technology that offers web protocols to enable interoperability, communication, and the exchange of data messages on the internet.

The ability of web services to communicate with one another regardless of the underlying platform on which they were built is arguably the most valuable aspect of these services.

In addition to this essential characteristic, web service also has the following features and capabilities −

  • Message passing protocol based on the XML (Extensible Markup Language) standard.

  • Accessible through the Internet or an internal network.

  • It enables other applications, such as HTML, SOAP, and WSDL, to communicate with one another.


SOAP and REST are the two most common forms of web services. Let's take a quick look at each one.

SOAP − The Simple Object Access Protocol, also known as SOAP, is a protocol that is based on XML and serves as a wrapper for the transmission of web service messages via the internet. The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is utilized for data sharing, together with other standards pertaining to security and addressing. The actions are the focus of SOAP.

REST − In contrast to SOAP, REST, which stands for Representational State Transfer, is focused on resources and can be thought of as an architectural style for software. It totally depends on HTTP and uses URLs to locate the resources you're looking for. GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE are the four fundamental HTTP verbs that can be used in requests. These verbs determine how a REST system interacts with its resources.

Advantages of Using Web Services

The following are some benefits of web services −

  • It displays the framework's existing functionality.

  • The most significant advantage of using web services is that they are interoperable. Its purpose is to establish a reliable and predetermined connection between one programming application and the next.

  • Implementation is another advantage that may be gained when web services are organized or deployed through the use of internet technology.

  • Because web services are simple to transmit and because they are transmitted via regular internet innovations, it makes for an easy-to-use platform.

  • The representation and transfer of data in Web Services is handled using XML. Therefore, very little effort is required for communication.

Drawbacks of Using Web Services

Web services have the following drawbacks −

  • Due to the necessity of unique machine requirements, it slows down the process of catering to a wide range of consumers.

  • Every user who has ever used the internet is aware that some websites do not always remain accessible. Because of the nature of the scenario, it is frequently necessary to devise a system that will reattempt the transaction.

  • In its current iteration, the SOAP procedure does not include the transaction process.

  • Everyone is able to use web services since they are accessible to the public through a protocol that is based on HTTP. This is a key shortcoming of web services, specifically in terms of their security.

Difference between Microservices and Web Services

The following table highlights the major differences between Microservices and Web Services −

Basis of Comparison
Web Services
It is a Software architecture, and its implementation may take the form of a web service.
It is simply technology used to provide services.
These are approachable and horizontal in nature.
Vertical communication, as opposed to provider-consumer communication.
It is regarded as a self-contained application meant to provide a single, unique service as part of a larger application.
It serves as a strategy for improving service availability across applications via a web interface.
Microservices are more efficient and small.
Web Services are less complicated than Microservices.
Data Sharing
Bounded context limits their ability to share.
Web Services enable component sharing.


Web services and Microservices accomplish the same goal, which is to partition big programs into several smaller services. Both microservices and web services come with their own set of benefits as well as drawbacks. The decision of whether to use Web services or Microservices lies entirely within the purview of the developer or the company. Web services offer the benefit of being easily accessible through the Internet.