Difference Between Abstraction and Data Hiding

ProgrammingComputer ProgrammingMiscellaneous

In this post, we will understand the difference between data abstraction and data hiding.

Data Abstraction

  • It is one of the object-oriented methodologies.

  • It is defined as the process of hiding the internal implementation and keeping the complicated procedures hidden from the user.

  • Only the required services or parts are displayed.

  • This is usually achieved using ‘abstract’ class concept, and by implementing interfaces.

  • Only the important details are highlighted.

  • The rest of the intricate details are not shown to the user.

  • There are three types of abstraction

    • Procedural abstraction − Procedures are written as methods/functions one followed by the other. It is done in sequence in order to obtain abstraction.

    • Data Abstraction − Abstraction is achieved using data set that is used to describe the object of the class.

    • Control Abstraction − Here, it is achieved by using objects by ensuring that the details of the object are hidden from user.

  • It helps secure the software.

  • It doesn’t affect end users, since the developers can perform changes internally.

  • It ensures that the application is flexible, and user-friendly.

  • It can be implemented by creating a class that only represents important attributes, without including background detail.

Data Hiding

  • Data hiding refers to the task of hiding the internal data from outsiders.

  • The internal data won’t be accessible by irrelevant people.

  • This can be achieved using access specifiers, such as ‘private’, and ‘protected’.

  • This acts as a security layer.

  • This ensures that users can’t access internal data without authentication.

  • Getters and setters can be used to access the data or to modify it.

  • Getters help in getting, i.e accessing the private data.

  • Setters help in changing the settings of data, i.e modifying the private data.

Updated on 23-Mar-2021 08:11:20