Deed of Indemnity

The scope of the indemnifier's responsibilities to a third party and the guarantee being provided to the third party by the guarantor will be specified in the indemnification document. The indemnifier provides security for the guarantee, most likely in the form of a cash deposit, to the guarantor.

What happens if the indemnifier receives or anticipates receiving a claim from the third party will be spelled out in the deed. It will also specify what happens to the security and how the guarantee will handle a third party's claim against the guarantor.

What is Deed of Indemnity?

A deed of indemnification is a written agreement between a company and a director or officer of the company. Although having a deed of indemnity is not required for either a company or a company director, it is strongly advised since it protects company directors from personal risks and exposure.

Enforceability of Deed

A deed of indemnity is regarded as legal under Indian law and capable of being executed if all the aforementioned components are present. When a deed of indemnification needs to be enforced, the procedures are as follows −

  • A court of law determines the deed of indemnity's legality.

  • The indemnity holder's sincere intent is established. It must be proven that he acted honestly and took all necessary precautions to prevent or eliminate the danger of suffering losses. Additionally, it must be proven that the indemnity holder's loss or harm was not brought on by his deliberate disobedience or carelessness in obeying orders.

  • The indemnity deed shall be enforced by a court of law in accordance with the predetermined and agreed-upon terms and clauses of the indemnity deed after the aforementioned facts are verified.

  • The indemnifier is thus ordered by the court to pay the promised compensation to the indemnity holder along with collateral costs, court fees, adjudication expenses, and any other such expenditure made by the indemnity holder. It is done especially while fighting the lawsuit in the court of law or in incurring the damage caused in accordance with the deed of indemnity.

Crucial Element of Deed Indemnity

Typically, a deed of indemnity must include the following −

  • Definition − The Deed of Indemnity shall contain the following mandatory contractual provisions −

    • Papers

    • Claim

    • Liability

  • Indemnity Clause − This provision will specify the scope of the company's indemnification obligations to the director. Basically, this refers to how much of the director's expenses and fines the firm is willing to pay while the director or officer fulfills their obligations and completes their tasks.

  • Access to Documents − Although a director currently has limited access to legal papers in some circumstances, the deed of indemnification should provide directors more or less access to corporate records.

  • D & O Insurance − The terms of the insurance, who is responsible for maintaining it, and the scope of the directors' and officers' insurance will all be covered by the deed.

    Where the deed of indemnity cannot be used, a directors' and officers' insurance policy offers extra protection.

  • Execution Clause − This sentence appears at the end of the deed. The parties to the deed must sign this requirement. (i.e., the director and a representative of the company must sign).

Limitations of Deed of Indemnity

The deed of indemnification does, however, have restrictions. The Corporations Act 2001 also specifies the situations where a deed of indemnity cannot indemnify a business director or officer, despite the fact that we have shown that it usually covers the costs of any violations a director may commit. A corporate director cannot receive indemnification in the following cases −


Any contract, whether a business contract or not, must have indemnity. This is so that a party is shielded from financial responsibility for potential losses and damage that may arise despite their own fault by an indemnity provision or indemnity deed. In such cases, a deed of indemnity safeguards the party suffering loss or injury by allowing it to pursue reimbursement from the opposing party, also referred to as the indemnifier. An indemnifier is a person who guarantees to make payments to the indemnity holder in the event that they suffer losses because of their own or another person's actions.

The Indian Contract Act, 1872, in particular Section 124, outlines the legal requirements governing a deed of indemnification. An indemnification deed executed in India must adhere to local contract laws. Apart from that, it shouldn't break any Indian rules or legislation or endanger the safety and security of the country. It shouldn't in any way go against the nation's public policies.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Is indemnity bond required on stamp paper?

Ans. Yes, stamp paper is necessary for the indemnity bond and the price depends on the rules of the state.

Q2. Who writes letter of indemnity?

Ans. Typically, such letters are created by third-party organizations like banks or insurance firms, who promise to reimburse one of the parties financially if the other party fails to fulfill its obligations.

Q3. What is stamp duty on deed of indemnity?

Ans. A contract of indemnity would require additional stamping if it was included as a clause or article in a broader general contract. A contract of indemnification is stamped for Rs. 500 per the Bombay Stamp Act, 1958. (Rupees Five Hundred only).

Q4. What is the duty of indemnity?

Ans. The "duty to indemnify" is the name of the second obligation. This obligation obligates the insurer to cover any judgment rendered in favor of the third party against its insured or any agreement struck by the parties in place of judgment.

Updated on: 09-May-2023


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