cPanel is a Linux-based hosting management control panel. It is used to manage your website and server’s backend working system. It provides graphical user interface for most of the tasks we perform on the website’s server, for example, uploading files, creating emails, setting cron jobs, handling databases, etc.
cPanel is installed on a Linux system by the server administrator. With the help of the cPanel Software Server, an Administrator can create Virtual Private Servers or it can dedicate the whole server for shared hosting environment. cPanel Shared hosting has three types of user levels.
Server Administrator − This user is the root user of a cPanel Linux Server and has all the permission over the server. Server Admin can create, modify or delete any account from the cPanel Server. The Server Admin has access to cPanel WHM (Web Host Manger), which can be understood as the backend of cPanel.
Reseller Accounts − This user is created by the server administrator and server administrator can choose which type of permissions should be given to reseller accounts. A Reseller account can further create user accounts and has access to all those accounts, which they have created. One reseller account does not have access to the user accounts that were created by another reseller accounts. They also have access to WHM with limited permissions.
User Account − These are normal user accounts, each user who subscribes for a web hosting from a company, is given this type of account. They do not have access to Web Host Manager. User account can host single or multiple websites according to their plans they have purchased from web hosting provider.
cPanel is packed with many features that is not provided by other web hosting management panels. It is graphical, hence, non–technical users can also use it perfectly. cPanel is responsive to the screen size, hence can be used in mobile and tablets. It will automatically adapt the screen size of the device.
cPanel is very easy to use and configure. It automatically adjusts all the advanced setting for web hosting. A user hardly needs to go to the command line to configure any settings, as it already has all the features inbuilt.
cPanel offers the following advantages −
It is very easy to host a website using cPanel.
It is multiannual and available in many languages.
It is responsive and adapts to any screen size, it can be used efficiently in mobile and Tablet too.
cPanel has in–built File Manager, which helps in managing your files without the hassles of an FTP.
cPanel has integrated webmail software, which helps in sending and receiving emails through online webmail client.
You can easily create a backup of your website in a few steps. This will help you to restore your backup, if your website encounters any error.
You can easily manage your website databases, as cPanel has integrated phpMyAdmin, which helps to directly manage databases.
cPanel does not have any significant drawbacks, however here are a couple of its notable disadvantages −
cPanel is a commercial software and you need to pay to get this.
cPanel is meant for small and medium websites only. Creating a large website using cPanel is not recommended.