In this article, we will learn about the solution to the problem statement given below.
Problem statement − We are given a string, we need to count the number of uppercase and lowercase characters present in the string without using the inbuilt function
This can be easily solved by using islower() and isupper() function available in python. But here there is a constraint to use the inbuilt function. So here we take the help of the ASCII value of the characters.
Using the ord() function we compute the ASCII value of each character present in the string and then compare to check for uppercase and lowercase as shown below.
def upperlower(string): upper = 0 lower = 0 for i in range(len(string)): # For lowercase if (ord(string[i]) >= 97 and ord(string[i]) <= 122): lower += 1 # For uppercase elif (ord(string[i]) >= 65 and ord(string[i]) <= 90): upper += 1 print('Lower case characters = '+str(lower)) print('Upper case characters = '+str(upper)) # Driver Code string = 'TutorialsPoint' upperlower(string)
Lower case characters = 12 Upper case characters = 2
All the variables are declared in the local scope and their references are seen in the figure above.
In this article, we have learned how to count uppercase and lowercase characters present in the given string