# Quasiconvex and Quasiconcave functions

Let $f:S \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ where $S \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is a non-empty convex set. The function f is said to be quasiconvex if for each $x_1,x_2 \in S$, we have $f\left ( \lambda x_1+\left ( 1-\lambda \right )x_2 \right )\leq max\left \{ f\left ( x_1 \right ),f\left ( x_2 \right ) \right \},\lambda \in \left ( 0, 1 \right )$

For example, $f\left ( x \right )=x^{3}$

Let $f:S\rightarrow R$ where $S\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is a non-empty convex set. The function f is said to be quasiconvex if for each $x_1, x_2 \in S$, we have $f\left ( \lambda x_1+\left ( 1-\lambda \right )x_2 \right )\geq min\left \{ f\left ( x_1 \right ),f\left ( x_2 \right ) \right \}, \lambda \in \left ( 0, 1 \right )$

### Remarks

• Every convex function is quasiconvex but the converse is not true.
• A function which is both quasiconvex and quasiconcave is called quasimonotone.