Coloring the Intersection of Circles/Patches in Matplotlib

To color the intersection of circles/patches in Matplotlib, we can take the following steps −

  • Set the figure size and adjust the padding between and around the subplots.
  • Create a and b points.
  • Get the left, right and middle area from the two points, a and b.
  • Get the current axes using gca() method
  • Add patches with different colors and sections.
  • Set the X and Y axes scale.
  • Set the aspect ratios equal.
  • Turn off the axes.
  • To display the figure, use show() method.


import shapely.geometry as sg
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import descartes

plt.rcParams["figure.figsize"] = [7.50, 3.50]
plt.rcParams["figure.autolayout"] = True

a = sg.Point(-.5, 0).buffer(1.)
b = sg.Point(0.5, 0).buffer(1.)

left = a.difference(b)
right = b.difference(a)
middle = a.intersection(b)

ax = plt.gca()
ax.add_patch(descartes.PolygonPatch(left, fc='b', ec='k'))
ax.add_patch(descartes.PolygonPatch(right, fc='r', ec='k'))
ax.add_patch(descartes.PolygonPatch(middle, fc='g', ec='k'))

ax.set_xlim(-2, 2)

ax.set_ylim(-2, 2)




Updated on: 07-Jul-2021


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