Check if a number is Primorial Prime or not in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Concept

With respect of given positive number n, the task is to verify if n is a primorial prime number or not. We have to print ‘YES’ if n is a primorial prime number otherwise print ‘NO.

Primorial Prime − With respect of Mathematics, a Primorial prime is defined as a prime number of the form pN# + 1 or pN# – 1 , where pN# is the primorial of pN such that the product of first N prime numbers.

Input − n = 7

Output − YES

7 is Primorial prime of the form pN + 1 for N=2, Primorial is 2*3 = 6 and 6+1 =7.

Input − n = 29

Output − YES

29 is Primorial prime of the form pN - 1 for N=3, Primorial is 2*3*5 = 30 and 30-1 = 29.

In the following, the First few Primorial primes are displayed − 2, 3, 5, 7, 29, 31, 211, 2309, 2311, 30029

Approach

  • We have to generate all prime number in the range by applying Sieve of Eratosthenes.

  • Verify if N is prime or not, If N is not prime, then print No

  • Otherwise, beginning from first prime (i.e 2 ) start multiplying next prime number and keep verifying if product + 1 = N or product – 1 = N or not

  • It has been seen that if either product+1=N or product-1=N, then N is a Primorial Prime otherwise not.

Example

 Live Demo

// CPP program to check Primorial Prime
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
#define MAX 10000
vector<int> arr1;
bool prime1[MAX];
void SieveOfEratosthenes1(){
   memset(prime1, true, sizeof(prime1));
   for (int p = 2; p * p < MAX; p++) {
      if (prime1[p] == true) {
         for (int i = p * 2; i < MAX; i += p)
            prime1[i] = false;
      }
   }
   for (int p = 2; p < MAX; p++)
      if (prime1[p])
         arr1.push_back(p);
}
bool isPrimorialPrime1(long n){
   // If n is not prime Number
   // return flase
   if (!prime1[n])
      return false;
   long long product1 = 1;
   int i = 0;
   while (product1 < n) {
      product1 = product1 * arr1[i];
      if (product1 + 1 == n || product1 - 1 == n)
         return true;
      i++;
   }
   return false;
}
// Driver code
int main(){
   SieveOfEratosthenes1();
   long n = 29;
   // Check if n is Primorial Prime
   if (isPrimorialPrime1(n))
      cout << "YES\n";
   else
      cout << "NO\n";
   return 0;
}

Output

YES
raja
Published on 23-Jul-2020 08:05:54
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