C program to sort a given list of numbers in ascending order using Bubble sort

CServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

In C programming language, bubble sort is the simplest sorting technique and is also called as an exchange sort.

Procedure for bubble sort

  • Compare the first element with the remaining elements in the list and exchange(swap) them, if they are not in order.

  • Repeat the same for other elements in the list until all the elements gets sorted.

Algorithm

Given below is an algorithm to sort a given list of numbers in an ascending order by using the bubble sort technique −

Step 1 − Start

Step 2 − Take list(array), num

Step 3 − readlist(list,num)

Step 4 − printlist(list,num)

Step 5 − bub_sort(list,num)

Step 6 − printlist(list,num)

readlist (list, num)

Step 7 − stop

1. for j = 0 to num
2. read list[j].

printlist(list,num)

1. for j =0 to num
2. write list[j].

bub_sort(list,num)

1. for i = 0 to num
2. for j =0 to (num – i)
3. if( list[j] > list[j+1])
4. swapList( address of list[j], address of list[j+1])

swapList( address of list[j], address of list[j+1])

1. temp = value at list[j]
2. value at list[j] = value at list[j+1]
3. value at list[j+1] = temp

Example

Following is the C program to sort a given list of numbers in an ascending order by using the bubble sort technique

 Live Demo

#include <stdio.h>
#define MAX 10
void swapList(int *m,int *n){
   int temp;
   temp = *m;
   *m = *n;
   *n = temp;
}
/* Function for Bubble Sort */
void bub_sort(int list[], int n){
   int i,j;
   for(i=0;i<(n-1);i++)
      for(j=0;j<(n-(i+1));j++)
         if(list[j] > list[j+1])
            swapList(&list[j],&list[j+1]);
   }
   void readlist(int list[],int n){
   int j;
   printf("\nEnter the elements: \n");
   for(j=0;j<n;j++)
      scanf("%d",&list[j]);
   }
   /* Showing the contents of the list */
   void printlist(int list[],int n){
      int j;
   for(j=0;j<n;j++)
      printf("%d\t",list[j]);
}
void main(){
   int list[MAX], num;
   printf(" Enter the number of elements \n");
   scanf("%d",&num);
   readlist(list,num);
   printf("\n\nElements in the list before sorting are:\n");
   printlist(list,num);
   bub_sort(list,num);
   printf("\n\nElements in the list after sorting are:\n");
   printlist(list,num);
}



Output



When the above program is executed, it produces the following result −

Enter the number of elements
10

Enter the elements:
11
23
45
1
3

6
35
69
10
22


Elements in the list before sorting are:
11 23 45 1 3 6 35 69 10 22

Elements in the list after sorting are:
1 3 6 10 11 22 23 35 45 69
raja
Published on 31-Aug-2021 13:45:22
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