Babylonian Costume

Babylonia is known for its geographic location between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. This city-state lies in an exceptionally fertile region of southern Mesopotamia. The ingenuity that Babylonia pioneered in the past has left people feeling proud. Its citizens made significant sacrifices to establish a prestigious reputation throughout history. In the disciplines of engineering, architecture, science, and even fashion, they broke new ground. Their vast collection of artefacts shows how they dressed and groomed themselves. Their sculptures, tablets, and ceramics, which painstakingly displayed their craftsmanship and elegance, also exhibited this sense of fashion.

Goddesses were depicted wearing gowns with sleeves and fitted bodices to further illustrate the type of attire people in Babylonia wore. Their attire consisted of straight-cut skirts and V-neck gowns. Between 2105 BC and 1240 BC, people from Babylon wore this style of dress. Clothes that were draped have been found by archaeologists, which supports these claims. Wearing shawls over their tunics was enjoyable for both sexes. To enhance comfort with their look, they wore tunics that were knee-length or, on occasion, ankle-length, with short sleeves. The Babylonians used supple wool to make their costumes more cosy.


The Babylonians, who lived in southern Mesopotamia, were renowned as textile producers and merchants. Their neighbours’ royal families received priceless presents from them. They were excellent at producing, it seemed, anything. They particularly took delight in producing more elegant apparel, such as their own collections of gowns and shawls. Ancient people used animal skins until the rise of these classical civilizations. These acted as protection for their bodies from the elements while they were outside, but they were rarely trendy. The most practical, accessible, and warm materials for their early clothes were basic goat hair and wool, which they made into garments. From their cloaks to their shoes, every piece of costume was made out of wool. Skilled women were previously assigned to weave with their fabric-making looms in order to create wool clothes or dresses. Making garments took them a long time. They all had the opportunity to express their creativity through this exercise, which led to their success in weaving. They were adept at inventing new things at the time. The inventiveness in their organic yet beautiful designs will wow onlookers.

High-quality linen, worn only by aristocratic families, priests, and government officials, was an impressive cloth used by the Babylonians. Being created only for the royal family and deity statues, linen was seen as a luxury to wear. In the Babylonian fashion business, soft cotton and silk were also widely used. Excited archaeologists found a wide variety of vibrant costumes in Babylonia, along with dyes, beads, and stitched appliques. Additionally, there were fragments of documentation from letters from 1200 BC that described the writers’ skilfully crafted costumes.

Babylonian Costume and Culture

The attire of the Babylonians was superbly crafted in accordance with the local culture. You might know why they wore big wigs so regularly. It was clear that in the past, both genders wore wigs to signify their social rank in the fiercely competitive Babylonian culture. High-class males and females preferred to maintain their social standing by donning wigs that reflected their social status. In addition, they desired to be treated with respect and honour as a wealthy individual in the city. It was generally understood that a shaven head denoted aristocracy, yet they frequently encountered people wearing elaborate wigs or headdresses, especially at royal events.

Rich and powerful people enjoyed accumulating golden accessories and jewellery in addition to their complex wig designs. Typically, they used valuable stones that belonged only to their own family when creating their jewellery. Brooches, hairpins, earrings, necklaces, and anklets are a few examples of ornaments that were typical of a wealthy family inheritance and were already a part of Babylonian art and design.

The ancient Babylonians displayed themselves in a carefully crafted robe. In addition to their unwavering devotion to creating something unique, they were also committed to holding themselves to a high standard. Girdles were worn by both sexes for various purposes. They believed a belt known as a girdle would grant them strength. The girdles were typically shaped like a ribbon or a flower and were worn underneath the breast or the bosom by women. Men wore iron girdles to keep their bodies in shape for battle and avoid weight gain. A cloak served as their overcoat in addition.

Long hair was a favourite hairstyle among Babylonians, which the women had to meticulously style into a ringlet bun. Artificial hair was occasionally used to lend volume and artistic flair to this haircut. Men dyed their long hair black and doused themselves in perfume. Even more, they would have lush, curling beards. Members of the royal family typically wore chic attire, topped with a dapper headpiece like a crown or a mitre with a little flap in the back. Naturally, the royal family possessed the largest jewellery collection in the nation. They cherished donning jewellery with affluent and tasteful design.


Babylonian costumes’ lively sense of style added a dash of flare to their enormous influence. In 2300 BC, one of Mesopotamia’s most powerful civilizations rose to prominence. When it came to dress and trade, the Babylonians’ creativity showed them to be unbeatable, and other nations tried to catch up. Along with their surrounding city-states of Assyria, Sumer, and Akkad, people’s way of life and, consequently, their costume styles altered with the arrival of their economic development. Their peers, as well as the economy, passion, and aesthetic style, had an impact on their sense of fashion. To create a sophisticated civilization in ancient times, Babylonia was founded with great effort. Much has been done to display the artistic sensibility of this society, which, as you can attest, is the pinnacle of masculinity and human prowess. In retrospect, it represents a presentation of beauty and style to the world.

Updated on: 16-Dec-2022

2K+ Views

Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started