Found 72 Articles for Social Psychology

Cognitive Dissonance Theory

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 23-Dec-2022 13:38:46


Everyone has their own opinion regarding any topic or issue. However, sometimes, there is a conflict between two opinions. For example, suppose a person values and desires a healthy body but continues consuming unhealthy junk food. The person is bothered by the difference in two attitudes central to the attitude system. What will the person feel when they eat something unhealthy? guilt, anxiety, embarrassment, and shame? We all face mental discomfort when we have opposing views or actions on the same topic. Cognitive Dissonance Theory Leon Festinger developed the Cognitive Dissonance Theory. Cognitive factors that are inconsistent with ... Read More

Changing Others' Behavior

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 23-Dec-2022 13:13:49


Any difference in how an individual acts in comparison to their typical behavior is considered a behavioral change, whether that difference is short-lived or long-lasting. It is sometimes classified as a mental illness, but it is also a treatment method for other mental health problems. Alterations in one's way of thinking, interpreting, feeling, or relating are typical indicators of this shift. Depending on the type of behavior being altered, these modifications can be beneficial or detrimental. Changing for the better is usually more work than going through a negative change. What is the Meaning of Changing Others' Behavior? Changing behavior ... Read More

Changing Attitudes through Persuasion

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 23-Dec-2022 12:52:01


Optimistically, one individual views gym time as a means to a more toned frame. If, at a certain point, he learns that working out at the gym has health advantages beyond just aesthetic ones, he is likely to develop a stronger preference for it and dedicate more time to it. Here, the upbeat mood picked up momentum. One term for this is adopting a stance that is in harmony with one's values. Just as extravagance tends to garner unfavorable reactions from the public, so too does wastefulness. However, if they run into an unequal distribution of resources wherein they require ... Read More

The Balance Theory of Attitude

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 23-Dec-2022 12:49:30

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Fritz Heider proposed the Balance Theory of Attitude. It is one of the cognitive consistency theories that dominated social psychology in the 1960s. According to Heider, there are two kinds of structures: balanced and imbalanced. A balanced structure is when your best friend likes your favorite rock band; an imbalanced structure is when your best friend dislikes your favorite rock band. According to the balance theory, the first scenario makes you happy, while the second scenario induces uneasy anxiety. What does Cognitive Consistency Theory Describe? Consistency theories postulate that when cognitive components are incongruent, people will be motivated to alter ... Read More

Attribution Theory by Weiner

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 23-Dec-2022 12:47:20

6K+ Views

People are more upset with individuals who experience terrible consequences due to controlled causes (such as a consequence of dangerous behavior) than with individuals who experience negative outcomes due to uncontrollable causes (e.g., illness because of a genetic precondition). Weiner's theory of attribution can be used to explain this. What is Attribution? The desire to understand the origins of behaviors keeps learners interested in the learning environment. Behavior causes are defined as an individual's attributions. According to Weiner, attribution is the process through which people assess the success or failure of their behavior or that of others. Learners usually use ... Read More

Attribution Theory by Kelly

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 23-Dec-2022 12:45:06

7K+ Views

Assume spotting a server in a restaurant flirting with a customer. The server's actions create an intriguing question: Why is the server acting this way? The result from internal or external causes? Is he merely someone who enjoys flirting (an internal cause)? Or is the client an alluring person who attracts much attention (an external cause)? According to Kelley's model, if you were an observer of this scene, your choice would be based on information about the three aspects of consensus, consistency, and distinctiveness. What is Attribution? Determining the reasons behind occurrences or behaviors is known as attribution in social ... Read More

Attribution Theory by Davis and Jones

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 22-Dec-2022 11:57:27

3K+ Views

Edward Jones and Keith Davis proposed in 1965 that people conclude others when their activities are deliberate rather than unintentional. People look for a correlation between a person's motivations and behaviors when they observe others behave in a certain way. Individuals subsequently conclude based on the degree of choice, the expectedness of the behavior, and the outcomes of that behavior. What is a Correspondent Inference? A judgment that a person's personality resembles or corresponds to his or her behavior is known as a correspondent inference, which is also known as a correspondent trait inference. For instance, we have made or ... Read More

Attribution theory by Heider

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 22-Dec-2022 11:53:18

3K+ Views

Heider concentrated most of his research on whether an individual is more inclined to attribute an external (i.e., environmental) or internal (i.e., dispositional) cause to another person's conduct. It is simple to comprehend why causal locus continues to be a pillar of attribution studies. For instance, you would likely try to find out why a close friend did not pick up your call, and Heider suggested that we identify the most probable causes. Heider's Attribution Theory Heider's early work represented the logical-empirical foundation of attribution theories by establishing broad generalizations about human behavior. He specifically stated that when people systematically ... Read More

Attitude: Meaning and Functioins

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 22-Dec-2022 11:50:26


Emotions, according to scientists, are learned biases that influence one's assessments of events and objects. This could involve assessments of various entities, such as individuals, topics, items, and occurrences. It is common for such assessments to be either favorable or unfavorable, although they may sometimes be ambiguous. One may, for instance, feel conflicted about an individual or topic. Scientists have posited that sentiments are composed of several distinct factors. Mindset elements may be broken down into the CAB as well as ABCs. What does Attitude Defines? An approach is a strong opinion about anything, whether favorable, unfavorable, or neutral. It ... Read More

Attitude Change

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 22-Dec-2022 11:48:24

2K+ Views

Actions and beliefs about a thing go hand in hand to form an approach. They are dynamic as well as changeable due to the speech and actions of others, as well as a patient's incentive to preserve congruency in the face of incongruence when two perspectives or an outlook and a habit are at odds with one another. Both emotions and thoughts play a role in shaping attitudes and the things we hold as beliefs. Activating a node in an integrated structure has been hypothesized to cause a shift in the channel's multi-content. Thus, it could be feasible to alter ... Read More