Found 72 Articles for Social Psychology

Measurement of Attitude

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 26-Dec-2022 13:15:29

3K+ Views

The concept of attitude was created to indicate some underlying response tendencies. Since attitudes are hypothetical constructs, they cannot be precisely measured. Any attempt to evaluate them must be inferential, which means that we can only examine behavior that is logically inferred to indicate the attitudes that are to be measured and quantify these indications to get a sense of how much individuals or groups differ in their psychological orientations toward a specific object or issue. How do we Measure Attitudes? Attitudes measurements are determined by inference. However, to support the inference, some data are needed. These data are gathered ... Read More

Meaning of Social Group in Psychology

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 26-Dec-2022 13:13:21


Even though a cluster is just a collection of people, not all collectivizes may be considered social clusters. In contrast to an aggregate, whose members do not communicate with one another (such as those standing in line at a bus or train station), a cluster is a collection of Participants who works together toward a common goal. Physical proximity and touch are not what defines a social cluster but rather a shared awareness of its members' interactions. Explaining Social Cluster There is a strong feeling of community among the cluster's participants. They have similar attitudes and pursuits, and their shared ... Read More

Meaning of Individual and Group Interaction in Psychology

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 26-Dec-2022 13:10:25


It is helpful to think of each potential group member as having his or her unique interaction rate, upper bound, and inclination to raise that rate over time, given the right circumstances. An individual's achievement rate in a group is proportional to the reciprocal of the average achievement rate of his peers, and individual members' characteristic rates form the group's overall rate. In any case, the overall rate of a certain group is also a function of the degree of differentiation between the rates of the people making up that group What is the Meaning of Individual and Group Interaction? ... Read More

Meaning of Conflict and Cooperation in Psychology

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 26-Dec-2022 13:07:48

2K+ Views

According to sociologists, collaboration occurs when two or more people coordinate their actions to achieve a common goal. On the other hand, there is conflict when one party tries to stop the progress of another. Social scientists use the term "social processes" to describe the persistent changes that occur inside a society over time. Cooperation and conflict are the two most common or reliable social processes in any culture. Since they occur within a society, these communications qualify as social interactions. What are Conflict and Cooperation? Everyday words like "conflict" and "cooperation" are laden with descriptive meanings and value judgments. ... Read More

Interpersonal Attraction and Relationship

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 26-Dec-2022 13:05:35


Interpersonal relationship attraction always has been an important factor in shaping the daily lives of humans. It is one of the secrets to healthy relationships in today's dangerous and troubled world. Its absence may pave the way for negative emotions and unhelpful interaction habits with others. What is the Meaning of Interpersonal Attraction and Relationship? Unlike conversation, the attraction takes no effort from either party. When two people like one other, they develop a deeper and more lasting bond than in any other kind of relationship. Although an interaction is not a necessary or sufficient condition for the emergence of ... Read More

Interests: Definition and Meaning

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 26-Dec-2022 13:02:26

2K+ Views

The cognitive and affective functioning of humans is significantly influenced by interest. Interest has been described as both an individual predisposition and a psychological state, in contrast to other motivational ideas like task value, self-efficacy, and performance goals that place more of an emphasis on people's beliefs and cognitive representations. Focused attention, improved cognitive and affective functioning, and continuous effort is the hallmarks of this psychological state What is Interest? In psychology, the term "interest" describes both the emotional state of being involved and a generally long-lasting propensity to continue being involved with a given topic (like mathematics) throughout time. ... Read More

Initial Impression Formation

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 26-Dec-2022 12:57:16


An impression is the permanent mental picture we form of a person, which may stay with us for a very long time. At first sight, you can tell a lot about a person's character, and you may learn a lot about a guy by observing or talking to him. These first impressions are established rapidly and readily and may either improve or degrade our perception of a person. Explaining Initial Impression Formation The human mind is hardwired to create snap judgments about everyone and everything it encounters. As a species, we have the propensity to categorize one another as good, ... Read More

Ingroup Favoritism and Prejudice

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 26-Dec-2022 12:53:40


In-group favoritism is the propensity to favor persons of an individual's group (the "in-group") over those of another organization (the "out-group"). Examples include the standards by which people are evaluated, the distribution of scarce resources, and similar practices. This effect has been investigated by several psychologists, who have identified connections to various theories about prejudice and group strife. A social-psychological point of view is essential to make sense of this occurrence. There is growing evidence that the formation of cultural subgroups contributes to the growth of members' affinity for their community. Although dividing societies into categories based on outward appearances ... Read More

Influence of Cultural Factors in Socialization

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 26-Dec-2022 12:50:53

1K+ Views

Through a technique known as "socialization, " individuals learn the skills necessary to participate successfully in groups. It clarifies how individuals become conscious of and responsive to the norms and expectations of their communities, as well as how those who come to respect the perspectives of their contemporaries. Deftly negotiating one's social contexts is a skill that can be honed through exposure to various people and settings. Opportunities for people to engage with one another profoundly impact both individuals and the communities in which they live, exemplifying the closeness of families and neighborhoods. What is the Influence of Cultural Factors ... Read More

Group Polarization vs Groupthink

Mukesh Kumar
Updated on 26-Dec-2022 12:46:49


Group polarization is described as the tendency for a group to make judgments that seem harsher or overdone than the original propensity of its membership. At the same time, Groupthink is defined as the premature or untimely pursuit by group members of indisputable conformity to a certain action taken. Peer pressure, and social categorization, all play a role in reinforcing the prevailing viewpoint within a group, which in turn contributes to polarization Interpretation of Group Polarization This decision-making strategy encourages teams to settle on outcomes less moderate than the sum of the members' individual opinions. Because of engaging in social ... Read More