Accessibility in React.js

React JSJavascript LibraryFront End Technology

The aria-* attributes on html elements are also supported in React.js as well. The other attributes are generally written in camel-case but these aria-* are written in hyphen-cased.

<input
   type = "text"
   aria-label = {labelText}
   aria-required = "true"
   onChange = {changeHandler}
   value = {inputValue}
   name = "userInput"
/>

Sometimes we break the semantics of the html if we use parent div in React.js

Example

render(){
   return(
      <div>
         <h1>Test</h1>
      </div>
   );
}

Div can cause semantics issue if working with table, list etc. To avoid this we can use React provided fragment as shown below −

import React, { Fragment } from ‘react’;
function MessageList({ message }) {
   return (
      <Fragment>
         <dt>{ message.key }</dt>
         <dd>{message.description}</dd>
      </Fragment>
   );
}

We can also use it with map a collection of items to an array of fragments −

function MessageList(props) {
   return (
      <dl>
         {props.messages.map( message => (
            // Fragments should also have a `key` prop when mapping collections
            <Fragment key = { message.id}>
               <dt>{message.from}</dt>
               <dd>{message.To}</dd>
            </Fragment>
         ))}
      </dl>
   );
}

The short syntax of fragment is writing just >>

import React, { Fragment } from ‘react’;
function MessageList({ message }) {
   return (
      <>
         <dt>{ message.key }</dt>
         <dd>{message.description}</dd>
      </>
   );
}

Labeling in forms

Instead of writing for attribute in label, we write it as htmlFor

<label htmlFor = "userID">Name:</label>
<input id = "userID" type = "text" name = "name"/>

Focus control with ref −

We can create ref as −

This.userInput = React.createRef();
getFocus() {
   // Explicitly focus the text input using the raw DOM API
   // Note: we're accessing "current" to get the DOM node
   this.userInput.current.focus();
}

To work the ref through the higher order components, its needed to use forward ref.

raja
Published on 28-Aug-2019 12:42:18
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