What is the significant difference between MySQL TRUNCATE() and ROUND() function?

MySQLMySQLi Database

The TRUNCATE() function is used to return the value of X truncated to D number of decimal places. If D is 0, then the decimal point is removed. If D is negative, then D number of values in the integer part of the value is truncated. Consider the following example –

mysql> Select TRUNCATE(7.536432,2);
+----------------------+
| TRUNCATE(7.536432,2) |
+----------------------+
|                 7.53 |
+----------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

The ROUND() function returns X rounded to the nearest integer. If a second argument, D, is supplied, then the function returns X rounded to D decimal places. D must be positive or all digits to the right of the decimal point will be removed. Consider the following example −  

mysql>SELECT ROUND(5.693893);
+---------------------------------------------------------+
|                    ROUND(5.693893)                      |
+---------------------------------------------------------+
|                           6                             |
+---------------------------------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)  

mysql>SELECT ROUND(5.693893,2);
+---------------------------------------------------------+
|                   ROUND(5.693893,2)                     |
+---------------------------------------------------------+
|                          5.69                           |
+---------------------------------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)  

From the above definition and examples we can observe the following difference between these two functions −

  • ROUND() function rounds the number up or down depends upon the second argument D and the number itself(digit after D decimal places >=5 or not).  
  • TRUNCATE() function truncate the number up to D number of decimal places without checking whether the digit after D decimal >=5 or not.  
mysql> Select ROUND(1.289,2)AS 'AFTER ROUND',TRUNCATE(1.289,2)AS 'AFTER TRUNCATE';
+-------------+----------------+
| AFTER ROUND | AFTER TRUNCATE |
+-------------+----------------+
|        1.29 |           1.28 |
+-------------+----------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
raja
Published on 20-Feb-2018 22:01:48
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