What is the ‘if...else if...else’ statement in Java and how to use it?

Java 8Object Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

An if statement can be followed by an optional else if...else statement, which is very useful to test various conditions using single if...else if statement.

When using if, else if, else statements there are a few points to keep in mind.

  • An if can have zero or one else's and it must come after any else if's.
  • An if can have zero to many else if's and they must come before the else.
  • Once an else if succeeds, none of the remaining else if's or else's will be tested.


if(Boolean_expression 1) {
   // Executes when the Boolean expression 1 is true
}else if(Boolean_expression 2) {
   // Executes when the Boolean expression 2 is true
}else if(Boolean_expression 3) {
   // Executes when the Boolean expression 3 is true
}else {
   // Executes when the none of the above condition is true.


public class Test {
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      int x = 30;
      if( x == 10 ) {
         System.out.print("Value of X is 10");
      }else if( x == 20 ) {
         System.out.print("Value of X is 20");
      }else if( x == 30 ) {
         System.out.print("Value of X is 30");
      }else {
         System.out.print("This is else statement");


Value of X is 30
Published on 08-Feb-2018 12:57:03