The : symbol is used for more than one purpose in Python
As slice operator with sequence −
The − operator slices a part from a sequence object such as list, tuple or string. It takes two arguments. First is the index of start of slice and second is index of end of slice. Both operands are optional. If first operand is omitted, it is 0 by default. If second is omitted, it is set to end of sequence.
>>> a=[1,2,3,4,5] >>> a[1:3] [2, 3] >>> a[:3] [1, 2, 3] >>> a[2:] [3, 4, 5] >>> s='computer' >>> s[:3] 'com' >>> s[3:6] 'put'
The − symbol is also used to start an indent suite of statements in case of if, while, for, def and class statements
if expr: stmt
while expr: stmt1 stmt2
for x in sequence: stmt1 stmt2
def function1(): stmt1 stmt2