# What are the rules for JavaScript's automatic semicolon insertion (ASI)?

JavascriptWeb DevelopmentFront End Technology

JavaScript’s automatic semicolon insertion (ASI) is to insert missing semicolons. The following statements are affected by automatic semicolon insertion −

empty statement
var statement
expression statement
do-while statement
continue statement
break statement
return statement
throw statement

The rules are in the following specification −

• When, as a Script or Module is parsed from left to right: A token is encountered that is not allowed by any production of the grammar, then a semicolon is automatically inserted before the offending token only if one or more of the following conditions becomes true −
• Offending token is }.
• Previous token is ) and the inserted semicolon would then be parsed as the terminating semicolon of a do-while statement (13.7.2).
• End of the input stream of tokens is encountered and therefore parser is unable to parse the input token stream as a one complete ECMAScript or a Module, then a semicolon is automatically inserted.
• Token is encountered that is allowed by some production of the grammar, but the production is a restricted production and the token would be the first token for a terminal or nonterminal immediately following the annotation.
Updated on 13-Jun-2020 06:43:18