What are primitive data types in Java?
Java supports eight predefined primitive datatypes they are −
- Byte data type is an 8-bit signed two's complement integer
- Minimum value is -128 (-2^7)
- Maximum value is 127 (inclusive)(2^7 -1)
- Default value is 0
- Byte data type is used to save space in large arrays, mainly in place of integers, since a byte is four times smaller than an integer.
Example− byte a = 100, byte b = -50
- Short data type is a 16-bit signed two's complement integer
- Minimum value is -32,768 (-2^15)
- Maximum value is 32,767 (inclusive) (2^15 -1)
- Short data type can also be used to save memory as byte data type. A short is 2 times smaller than an integer
- Default value is 0.
Example− short s = 10000, short r = -20000
- Int data type is a 32-bit signed two's complement integer.
- Minimum value is - 2,147,483,648 (-2^31)
- Maximum value is 2,147,483,647(inclusive) (2^31 -1)
- Integer is generally used as the default data type for integral values unless there is a concern about memory.
- The default value is 0
Example− int a = 100000, int b = -200000
- Long data type is a 64-bit signed two's complement integer
- Minimum value is -9,223,372,036,854,775,808(-2^63)
- Maximum value is 9,223,372,036,854,775,807 (inclusive)(2^63 -1)
- This type is used when a wider range than int is needed
- Default value is 0L
Example− long a = 100000L, long b = -200000L
- Float data type is a single-precision 32-bit IEEE 754 floating point
- Float is mainly used to save memory in large arrays of floating point numbers
- Default value is 0.0f
- Float data type is never used for precise values such as currency
Example− float f1 = 234.5f
- double data type is a double-precision 64-bit IEEE 754 floating point
- This data type is generally used as the default data type for decimal values, generally the default choice
- Double data type should never be used for precise values such as currency
- Default value is 0.0d
Example− double d1 = 123.4
- boolean data type represents one bit of information
- There are only two possible values: true and false
- This data type is used for simple flags that track true/false conditions
- Default value is false
Example− boolean one = true
- char data type is a single 16-bit Unicode character
- Minimum value is '\u0000' (or 0)
- Maximum value is '\uffff' (or 65,535 inclusive)
- Char data type is used to store any character
Example − char letterA = 'A'
Published on 09-Feb-2018 11:06:41