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# How to randomly select an item from a tuple in Python?

In this article, we will show you how to randomly select an item from a tuple using python. Below are the various methods in python to accomplish this task:

Using random.choice() method

Using random.randrange() method

Using random.randint() method

Using random.random()

Using random.sample() method

Using random.choices() method

Assume we have taken a tuple containing some elements. We will generate a random element from the given input tuple using different methods as specified above.

## Using random.choice() method

### Algorithm (Steps)

Following are the Algorithm/steps to be followed to perform the desired task –

Use the import keyword to import the

**random**module(used to generate random integers. Because these are pseudo-random numbers, they are not actually random. This module can be used to generate random numbers, and print a random value from a tuple, list or string, etc)Create a tuple and add some dummy data to it.

Generate a random item from the tuple using

**random.choice()**method(This function returns a random element from the specified sequence i.e tuple here) by passing the input tuple as an argument to the choice() function.Print the generated random tuple item.

### Example

The following program returns a random element from the tuple using random.choice() method –

# importing random module import random # input tuple inputTuple = (30, 10, "TutorialsPoint", 20, "python", "code") # printing the given input tuple print("The given input tuple: ", inputTuple) # generating a random item from the tuple using random.choice() method randomItem = random.choice(inputTuple) print("The generated random tuple item = ", randomItem)

### Output

On executing, the above program will generate the following output –

The given input tuple: (30, 10, 'TutorialsPoint', 20, 'python', 'code') The generated random tuple item = 20

## Using random.randrange() method

### Algorithm (Steps)

Following are the Algorithm/steps to be followed to perform the desired task –

Generate a random index value from the tuple using

**random.randrange()**method(Returns a random number within the specified range) by passing the length of the input tuple as an argument to it using the**len()**function(The number of items in an object is returned by the len() method)Get the element present at the above index from the tuple and create a variable to store it

### Example

The following program returns a random element from the tuple using random.randrange() method –

# importing random module import random # input tuple inputTuple = (30, 10, "TutorialsPoint", 20, "python", "code") # generating a random index value by passing the tuple length to the random.randrange() method randomIndex = random.randrange(len(inputTuple)) # Getting the element present at the above index from the tuple randomItem = inputTuple[randomIndex] print("The generated random tuple item = ", randomItem)

### Output

On executing, the above program will generate the following output –

The generated random tuple item = TutorialsPoint

## Using random.randint() method

### Algorithm (Steps)

Following are the Algorithm/steps to be followed to perform the desired task –

Generate a random index value from the tuple using random.

**randint()**method(Returns a random number within the specified range) by passing the length of the input tuple as an argument to it using the**len()**function(The number of items in an object is returned by the len() method)Get the element present at the above index from the tuple and create a variable to store it.

### Example

The following program returns a random element from the tuple using random.randint() method –

# importing random module import random # input tuple inputTuple = (30, 10, "TutorialsPoint", 20, "python", "code") # generating a random index value by passing tuple length as an argument # to the random.randint() function randomIndex = random.randint(0, len(inputTuple)-1) # Getting the element present at the above index from the tuple randomItem = inputTuple[randomIndex] print("The generated random tuple item = ", randomItem)

### Output

On executing, the above program will generate the following output –

The generated random tuple item = code

## Using random.random()

### Algorithm (Steps)

Following are the Algorithm/steps to be followed to perform the desired task –.

Generate a random float number using the

**random.random()**function (Returns a float value at random between 0 and 1) and multiply it with the length of a tuple to get a random index and convert the result into an integer using the**int()**function(converts to an integer).Get the element present at the above index from the tuple and create a variable to store it.

### Example

The following program returns a random element from the tuple using random.random() method –

# importing random module import random # input tuple inputTuple = (30, 10, "TutorialsPoint", 20, "python", "code") # generating a random float number and multiplying it with a length # of the tuple to get a random index and converting it into an integer randomIndex = int(random.random() * len(inputTuple)) # Getting the element present at the above index from the tuple randomItem = inputTuple[randomIndex] print("The generated random tuple item = ", randomItem)

### Output

On executing, the above program will generate the following output –

The generated random tuple item = 20

## Using random.sample() method

### Algorithm (Steps)

Following are the Algorithm/steps to be followed to perform the desired task –.

Generate the required number of random items from the tuple using

**random.sample()**method by passing the tuple, and the number of random items to be generated as arguments to it.

The random.sample() method returns a list containing a randomly selected number of elements from a sequence. Syntax: random.sample(sequence, k)

Convert the list to a tuple using the tuple() function and print it.

### Example

The following program returns n random elements from the tuple using random.sample() method –

# importing random module import random # input tuple inputTuple = (30, 10, "TutorialsPoint", 20, "python", "code") # generating 3 random items from the tuple using random.sample() method randomItems = random.sample(inputTuple, 3) print("The generated 3 random tuple items = ", tuple(randomItems))

### Output

On executing, the above program will generate the following output –

The generated 3 random tuple items = (20, 'TutorialsPoint', 30)

## Using random.choices() method

### Algorithm (Steps)

Following are the Algorithm/steps to be followed to perform the desired task –.

Generate the required number of random items from the tuple using

**random.choices()**method by passing the tuple, and a number of random items to be generated (k) as arguments to it.

The random module contains the random.choices() method. It is useful to select multiple items from a list or a single item from a specific sequence. Syntax: random.choices(sequence, k)

Convert the list to a tuple using the tuple() function and print it.

### Example

The following program returns n random elements from the tuple using random.sample() method –

import random givenTuple = ("Hello", 10, "TutorialsPoint", 20, "python", "code") # generating 3 random items from a tuple using random.choices() method randomItems = random.choices(givenTuple, k=3) # Converting the random elements list to a tuple print("The generated 3 random tuple items = ", tuple(randomItems))

### Output

On executing, the above program will generate the following output –

The generated 3 random tuple items = (10, 'python', 'Hello')

### Conclusion

In this article, we learned how to choose an element at random from a Python tuple using six different methods. We also learned how to convert a Python list to a tuple.

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