How many groups of data types are supported by MySQL?

MySQLMySQLi Database

MySQL uses many different data types broken into three categories −

  • Numeric
  • Date and Time
  • String Types

NUMERIC DATA TYPES

MySQL uses all the standard ANSI SQL numeric data types, so if you're coming to MySQL from a different database system, these definitions will look familiar to you.
The following list shows the common numeric data types and their descriptions −

  • INT – A normal-sized integer that can be signed or unsigned. If signed, the allowable range is from -2147483648 to 2147483647. If unsigned, the allowable range is from 0 to 4294967295. You can specify a width of up to 11 digits.
  • TINYINT – A very small integer that can be signed or unsigned. If signed, the allowable range is from -128 to 127. If unsigned, the allowable range is from 0 to 255. You can specify a width of up to 4 digits.
  • SMALLINT – A small integer that can be signed or unsigned. If signed, the allowable range is from -32768 to 32767. If unsigned, the allowable range is from 0 to 65535. You can specify a width of up to 5 digits.
  • MEDIUMINT – A medium-sized integer that can be signed or unsigned. If signed, the allowable range is from -8388608 to 8388607. If unsigned, the allowable range is from 0 to 16777215. You can specify a width of up to 9 digits.
  • BIGINT – A large integer that can be signed or unsigned. If signed, the allowable range is from -9223372036854775808 to 9223372036854775807. If unsigned, the allowable range is from 0 to 18446744073709551615. You can specify a width of up to 20 digits.
  • FLOAT(M,D) - A floating-point number that cannot be unsigned. You can define the display length (M) and the number of decimals (D). This is not required and will
    default to 10,2, where 2 is the number of decimals and 10 is the total number of digits (including decimals). Decimal precision can go to 24 places for a FLOAT.
  • DOUBLE(M,D) – A double precision floating-point number that cannot be unsigned. You can define the display length (M) and the number of decimals (D).
  • DECIMAL(M,D) – An unpacked floating-point number that cannot be unsigned. In the unpacked decimals, each decimal corresponds to one byte. Defining the display length (M) and the number of decimals (D) is required. NUMERIC is a synonym for DECIMAL

This is not required and will default to 16,4, where 4 is the number of decimals. Decimal precision can go to 53 places for a DOUBLE. REAL is a synonym for DOUBLE.

DATE AND TIME TYPES

The MySQL date and time datatypes are as follows −

  • DATE  - A date is in the range between 1000-01-01 and 9999-12-31. “YYYY-MM-DD” is the default DATE format. For example, January 17th, 1984 would be stored as 1984-01-17.
  • DATETIME  − This data type supports a date along with time in the range between 1000-01-01 00:00:00 and 9999-12-31 23:59:59. “YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS” is the default DATETIME format. For example, 2:20 in the afternoon on January 17th, 1984 would be stored as 1984-01-17 14:20:00.
  • TIMESTAMP  − A timestamp data type supports a date along with time in the range between ‘1970-01-01 00:00:01’ to ‘2038-01-19 08:44:07’. It is just like the DATETIME data type. For example, 2:20 in the afternoon on January 17th, 1984 would be stored as 1984-01-17 14:20:00.
  • TIME − Stores the time in a HH:MM:SS format.
  • YEAR(M)  − Stores a year in a 2-digit or a 4-digit format. If the length is specified as 2 (for example YEAR(2)), YEAR can be between 1970 to 2069 (70 to 69). If the length is specified as 4, then YEAR can be 1901 to 2155. The default length is 4.

STRING TYPES

 Although the numeric and date types are fun, most data you'll store will be in a string
format. This list describes the common string data types in MySQL.

  • CHAR(M) – A fixed-length string between 1 and 255 characters in length (for example CHAR(5)), right-padded with spaces to the specified length when stored. Defining a length is not required, but the default is 1.
  • VARCHAR(M) – A variable-length string between 1 and 65,535 characters in length. For example, VARCHAR(25). You must define a length when creating a VARCHAR field.
  • BLOB or TEXT – A field with a maximum length of 65535 characters. BLOBs are "Binary Large Objects" and are used to store large amounts of binary data, such as images or other types of files. Fields defined as TEXT also hold large amounts of data. The difference between the two is that the sorts and comparisons on the stored data are case sensitive on BLOBs and are not case sensitive in TEXT fields. You do not specify a length with BLOB or TEXT.
  • TINYBLOB or TINYTEXT – A BLOB or TEXT column with a maximum length of 255 characters. You do not specify a length with TINYBLOB or TINYTEXT.
  • MEDIUMBLOB or MEDIUMTEXT – A BLOB or TEXT column with a maximum length of 16777215 characters. You do not specify a length with MEDIUMBLOB or MEDIUMTEXT.
  • LONGBLOB or LONGTEXT – A BLOB or TEXT column with a maximum length of 4294967295 characters. You do not specify a length with LONGBLOB or LONGTEXT.
  • ENUM – An enumeration, which is a fancy term for the list. When defining an ENUM, you are creating a list of items from which the value must be selected (or it can be NULL). For example, if you wanted your field to contain "A" or "B" or "C", you would define your ENUM as ENUM ('A', 'B', 'C') and only those values (or NULL) could ever populate that field.
raja
Published on 19-Feb-2018 10:17:53
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