How do I loop through a JSON file with multiple keys/sub-keys in Python?

You can parse JSON files using the json module in Python. This module parses the json and puts it in a dict. You can then get the values from this like a normal dict. For example, if you have a json with the following content −

   "id": "file",
   "value": "File",
   "popup": {
      "menuitem": [
         {"value": "New", "onclick": "CreateNewDoc()"},
         {"value": "Open", "onclick": "OpenDoc()"},
         {"value": "Close", "onclick": "CloseDoc()"}


You can load it in your python program and loop over its keys in the following way −

import json
f = open('data.json')
data = json.load(f)

# Now you can use data as a normal dict −

for (k, v) in data.items():
   print("Key: " + k)
   print("Value: " + str(v))


This will give the output −

Key: id
Value: file
Key: value
Value: File
Key: popup
Value: {'menuitem': [{'value': 'New', 'onclick': 'CreateNewDoc()'}, {'value': 'Open', 'onclick': 'OpenDoc()'}, {'value': 'Close', 'onclick': 'CloseDoc()'}]}

If you want to iterate over sub values as well, you'd have to write a recursive function that can iterate over this tree-like dict.

Updated on: 05-Mar-2020

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