# Egg Dropping Puzzle

This is a famous puzzle problem. Suppose there is a building with n floors, if we have m eggs, then how can we find the minimum number of drops needed to find a floor from which it is safe to drop an egg without breaking it.

There some important points to remember −

• When an egg does not break from a given floor, then it will not break for any lower floor also.
• If an egg breaks from a given floor, then it will break for all upper floors.
• When an egg breaks, it must be discarded, otherwise, we can use it again.

## Input and Output

Input:
The number of eggs and the maximum floor. Say the number of eggs are 4 and the maximum floor is 10.
Output:
Enter number of eggs: 4
Enter max Floor: 10
Minimum number of trials: 4

## Algorithm

eggTrialCount(eggs, floors)

Input: Number of eggs, maximum floor.

Output − Get a minimum number of trials.

Begin
define matrix of size [eggs+1, floors+1]
for i:= 1 to eggs, do
minTrial[i, 1] := 1
minTrial[i, 0] := 0
done

for j := 1 to floors, do
minTrial[1, j] := j
done

for i := 2 to eggs, do
for j := 2 to floors, do
minTrial[i, j] := ∞
for k := 1 to j, do
res := 1 + max of minTrial[i-1, k-1] and minTrial[i, j-k]
if res < minTrial[i, j], then
minTrial[i,j] := res
done
done
done

return minTrial[eggs, floors]
End

## Example

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;

int max(int a, int b) {
return (a > b)? a: b;
}

int eggTrialCount(int eggs, int floors) {    //minimum trials for worst case
int minTrial[eggs+1][floors+1];    //to store minimum trials for ith egg and jth floor
int res;

for (int i = 1; i <= eggs; i++) {    //one trial to check from first floor, and no trial for 0th floor
minTrial[i][1] = 1;
minTrial[i][0] = 0;
}

for (int j = 1; j <= floors; j++)    //when egg is 1, we need 1 trials for each floor
minTrial[1][j] = j;

for (int i = 2; i <= eggs; i++) {    //for 2 or more than 2 eggs
for (int j = 2; j <= floors; j++) {    //for second or more than second floor
minTrial[i][j] = INT_MAX;
for (int k = 1; k <= j; k++) {
res = 1 + max(minTrial[i-1][k-1], minTrial[i][j-k]);
if (res < minTrial[i][j])
minTrial[i][j] = res;
}
}
}

return minTrial[eggs][floors];    //number of trials for asked egg and floor
}

int main () {
int egg, maxFloor;
cout << "Enter number of eggs: "; cin >> egg;
cout << "Enter max Floor: "; cin >> maxFloor;
cout << "Minimum number of trials: " << eggTrialCount(egg, maxFloor);
}

## Output

Enter number of eggs: 4
Enter max Floor: 10
Minimum number of trials: 4

karthikeya Boyini

I love programming (: That's all I know

Updated on: 16-Jun-2020

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