XStream - Object Streams


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XStream provides alternative implementations of java.io.ObjectInputStream and java.io.ObjectOutputStream so that streams of objects can be serialized or deserialized from XML. This is particularly useful when large sets of objects are to be processed, keeping one object in memory at a time.

Syntax: createObjectOutputStream()

ObjectOutputStream objectOutputStream = xstream.createObjectOutputStream(
   new FileOutputStream("test.txt"));

Syntax: createObjectInputStream()

ObjectInputStream objectInputStream = xstream.createObjectInputStream(
   new FileInputStream("test.txt"));

Let us now test the code with object streams in XStream.

Create a java class file named XStreamTester in C:\>XStream_WORKSPACE\com\tutorialspoint\xstream.

File: XStreamTester.java

package com.tutorialspoint.xstream;

import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.ObjectInputStream;
import java.io.ObjectOutputStream;

import com.thoughtworks.xstream.XStream;
import com.thoughtworks.xstream.annotations.XStreamAlias;
import com.thoughtworks.xstream.io.xml.StaxDriver;

public class XStreamTester {
   public static void main(String args[]) {
   
      XStreamTester tester = new XStreamTester();
      XStream xstream = new XStream(new StaxDriver());
      
      xstream.autodetectAnnotations(true);
      
      Student student1 = new Student("Mahesh","Parashar");
      Student student2 = new Student("Suresh","Kalra");
      Student student3 = new Student("Ramesh","Kumar");
      Student student4 = new Student("Naresh","Sharma");
      
      try {
      
         ObjectOutputStream objectOutputStream = xstream.createObjectOutputStream(
            new FileOutputStream("test.txt"));
         
         objectOutputStream.writeObject(student1);
         objectOutputStream.writeObject(student2);
         objectOutputStream.writeObject(student3);
         objectOutputStream.writeObject(student4);
         objectOutputStream.writeObject("Hello World");
         
         objectOutputStream.close();
         
         ObjectInputStream objectInputStream = xstream.createObjectInputStream(
            new FileInputStream("test.txt"));
         
         Student student5 = (Student)objectInputStream.readObject();
         Student student6 = (Student)objectInputStream.readObject();
         Student student7 = (Student)objectInputStream.readObject();
         Student student8 = (Student)objectInputStream.readObject();
         
         String text = (String)objectInputStream.readObject();
         
         System.out.println(student5);
         System.out.println(student6);
         System.out.println(student7);
         System.out.println(student8);
         System.out.println(text);
      
      } catch (IOException e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
         
      } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      }
   }
}

@XStreamAlias("student")
class Student {

   private String firstName;
   private String lastName;
   
   public Student(String firstName, String lastName) {
      this.firstName = firstName;
      this.lastName = lastName;
   }

   public String getFirstName() {
      return firstName;
   }

   public String getLastName() {
      return lastName;
   }   

   public String toString() {
      return "Student [ firstName: "+firstName+", lastName: "+ lastName+ " ]";
   }	
}

Verify the Result

Compile the classes using javac compiler as follows −

C:\XStream_WORKSPACE\com\tutorialspoint\xstream>javac XStreamTester.java

Now run the XStreamTester to see the result −

C:\XStream_WORKSPACE\com\tutorialspoint\xstream>java XStreamTester

Verify the output as follows −

Student [ firstName: Mahesh, lastName: Parashar ]
Student [ firstName: Suresh, lastName: Kalra ]
Student [ firstName: Ramesh, lastName: Kumar ]
Student [ firstName: Naresh, lastName: Sharma ]
Hello World

Look at the content of the test.txt present at C:\>XStream_WORKSPACE\com\tutorialspoint\xstream folder.

<?xml version = "1.0" ?>
<object-stream>
   <student>
      <firstName>Mahesh</firstName>
      <lastName>Parashar</lastName>
   </student>
   
   <student>
      <firstName>Suresh</firstName>
      <lastName>Kalra</lastName>
   </student>
   
   <student>
      <firstName>Ramesh</firstName>
      <lastName>Kumar</lastName>
   </student>
   
   <student>
      <firstName>Naresh</firstName>
      <lastName>Sharma</lastName>
   </student>
   <string>Hello World</string>
</object-stream>


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