XStream - Writing JSON using XStream


XStream supports JSON by initializing XStream object with an appropriate driver. XStream currently supports JettisonMappedXmlDriver and JsonHierarchicalStreamDriver.

Let us now test the code with json handling in XStream.

Create a java class file named XStreamTester in C:\>XStream_WORKSPACE\com\tutorialspoint\xstream.

File: XStreamTester.java

package com.tutorialspoint.xstream;

import java.io.Writer;

import com.thoughtworks.xstream.XStream;
import com.thoughtworks.xstream.annotations.XStreamAlias;
import com.thoughtworks.xstream.io.HierarchicalStreamWriter;
import com.thoughtworks.xstream.io.json.JsonHierarchicalStreamDriver;
import com.thoughtworks.xstream.io.json.JsonWriter;

public class XStreamTester {

   public static void main(String args[]) {

      XStreamTester tester = new XStreamTester();
      XStream xstream = new XStream(new JsonHierarchicalStreamDriver() {
         public HierarchicalStreamWriter createWriter(Writer writer) {
            return new JsonWriter(writer, JsonWriter.DROP_ROOT_MODE);

      Student student = new Student("Mahesh","Parashar");

      xstream.alias("student", Student.class);

class Student {

   private String firstName;
   private String lastName;

   public Student(String firstName, String lastName) {
      this.firstName = firstName;
      this.lastName = lastName;

   public String getFirstName() {
      return firstName;

   public String getLastName() {
      return lastName;
   public String toString() {
      return "Student [ firstName: "+firstName+", lastName: "+ lastName+ " ]";

Verify the Result

Compile the classes using javac compiler as follows −

C:\XStream_WORKSPACE\com\tutorialspoint\xstream>javac XStreamTester.java

Now run the XStreamTester to see the result −

C:\XStream_WORKSPACE\com\tutorialspoint\xstream>java XStreamTester

Verify the output as follows −

   "firstName": "Mahesh",
   "lastName": "Parashar"