# XOR Queries of a Subarray in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

Suppose we have the array arr of positive integers and the array queries where queries[i] = [Li, Ri], for each query the i compute the XOR of elements from Li to Ri (that is, arr[Li] XOR arr[Li+1] xor ... xor arr[Ri] ). We have to find the array containing the result for the given queries. So if the input is like − [1,3,4,8], and queries are like [[0,1],[1,2],[0,3],[3,3]], then the result will be [2,7,14,8]. This is because the binary representation of the elements in the array are − 1 = 0001, 3 = 0011, 4 = 0100 and 8 = 1000. Then the XOR values for queries are − [0,1] = 1 xor 3 = 2, [1,2] = 3 xor 4 = 7, [0,3] = 1 xor 3 xor 4 xor 8 = 14 and [3,3] = 8

To solve this, we will follow these steps −

• n := size of arr
• define an array called pre, of size n + 1, then fill pre, such that pre[i] := pre[i – 1] XOR arr[i – 1]
• Define another array ans
• for i in range 0 to number of queries – 1
• l := queries[i, 0], r := queries[i, 1]
• increase l and r by 1
• insert pre[r] XOR pre[l - 1], into ans
• return ans

## Example(C++)

Let us see the following implementation to get a better understanding −

Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
void print_vector(vector<auto> v){
cout << "[";
for(int i = 0; i<v.size(); i++){
cout << v[i] << ", ";
}
cout << "]"<<endl;
}
class Solution {
public:
vector<int> xorQueries(vector<int>& arr, vector<vector<int>>& queries) {
int n = arr.size();
vector <int> pre(n + 1);
for(int i = 1; i <=n; i++){
pre[i] = pre[i - 1] ^ arr[i - 1];
}
vector <int> ans;
for(int i = 0; i < queries.size(); i++){
int l = queries[i];
int r = queries[i];
l++;
r++;
ans.push_back(pre[r] ^ pre[l - 1]);
}
return ans;
}
};
main(){
vector<int> v = {1,3,4,8};
vector<vector<int>> v1 = {{0,1},{1,2},{0,3},{3,3}};
Solution ob;
print_vector(ob.xorQueries(v, v1));
}

## Input

[1,3,4,8]
[[0,1],[1,2],[0,3],[3,3]]

## Output

[2,7,14,8]