Apache Xerces StAX Parser - Query XML Document


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Demo Example

Here is the input xml file we need to parse:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<class>
   <student rollno="393">
      <firstname>Dinkar</firstname>
      <lastname>Kad</lastname>
      <nickname>Dinkar</nickname>
      <marks>85</marks>
   </student>
   <student rollno="493">
      <firstname>Vineet</firstname>
      <lastname>Gupta</lastname>
      <nickname>Vinni</nickname>
      <marks>95</marks>
   </student>
   <student rollno="593">
      <firstname>Jasvir</firstname>
      <lastname>Singh</lastname>
      <nickname>Jazz</nickname>
      <marks>90</marks>
   </student>
</class>

StAXParserDemo.java

package com.tutorialspoint.xml;

import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileReader;
import java.util.Iterator;

import javax.xml.stream.XMLEventReader;
import javax.xml.stream.XMLInputFactory;
import javax.xml.stream.XMLStreamConstants;
import javax.xml.stream.XMLStreamException;
import javax.xml.stream.events.Attribute;
import javax.xml.stream.events.Characters;
import javax.xml.stream.events.EndElement;
import javax.xml.stream.events.StartElement;
import javax.xml.stream.events.XMLEvent;

public class StAXQueryDemo {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      boolean bFirstName = false;
      boolean bLastName = false;
      boolean bNickName = false;
      boolean bMarks = false;
      boolean isRequestRollNo = false;
      try {
         XMLInputFactory factory = XMLInputFactory.newInstance();
         XMLEventReader eventReader =
         factory.createXMLEventReader(
            new FileReader("input.txt"));

         String requestedRollNo = "393";
         while(eventReader.hasNext()){
            XMLEvent event = eventReader.nextEvent();
            switch(event.getEventType()){
               case XMLStreamConstants.START_ELEMENT:
                  StartElement startElement = event.asStartElement();
                  String qName = startElement.getName().getLocalPart();
                  if (qName.equalsIgnoreCase("student")) {
                     Iterator<Attribute> attributes = startElement.getAttributes();
                     String rollNo = attributes.next().getValue();
                     if(rollNo.equalsIgnoreCase(requestedRollNo)){
                        System.out.println("Start Element : student");
                        System.out.println("Roll No : " + rollNo);
                        isRequestRollNo = true;
                     }
                  } else if (qName.equalsIgnoreCase("firstname")) {
                     bFirstName = true;
                  } else if (qName.equalsIgnoreCase("lastname")) {
                     bLastName = true;
                  } else if (qName.equalsIgnoreCase("nickname")) {
                     bNickName = true;
                  }
                  else if (qName.equalsIgnoreCase("marks")) {
                     bMarks = true;
                  }				        
                  break;
               case XMLStreamConstants.CHARACTERS:
                  Characters characters = event.asCharacters();
                  if(bFirstName && isRequestRollNo){
                     System.out.println("First Name: " 
                     + characters.getData());
                     bFirstName = false;
                  }
                  if(bLastName && isRequestRollNo){
                     System.out.println("Last Name: " 
                     + characters.getData());
                     bLastName = false;
                  }
                  if(bNickName && isRequestRollNo){
                     System.out.println("Nick Name: " 
                     + characters.getData());
                     bNickName = false;
                  }
                  if(bMarks && isRequestRollNo){
                     System.out.println("Marks: " 
                     + characters.getData());
                     bMarks = false;
                  }
                  break;
               case  XMLStreamConstants.END_ELEMENT:
                  EndElement endElement = event.asEndElement();
                  if(endElement.getName().getLocalPart().equalsIgnoreCase("student") && isRequestRollNo){
                     System.out.println("End Element : student");
                     System.out.println();
                     isRequestRollNo = false;
                  }
               break;
            }		    
         }
      } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      } catch (XMLStreamException e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      }
   }
}

This would produce the following result:

Start Element : student
Roll No : 393
First Name: Dinkar
Last Name: Kad
Nick Name: Dinkar
Marks: 85
End Element : student


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