DOM Parser - Modify XML Document


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Demo Example

Here is the input xml file we need to modify −

<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8" standalone = "no"?>
<cars>
   <supercars company = "Ferrari">
      <carname type = "formula one">Ferrari 101</carname>
      <carname type = "sports">Ferrari 202</carname>
   </supercars>
   
   <luxurycars company = "Benteley">
      <carname>Benteley 1</carname>
      <carname>Benteley 2</carname>
      <carname>Benteley 3</carname>
   </luxurycars>
</cars>

Demo Example

ModifyXmlFileDemo.java

package com.tutorialspoint.xml;

import java.io.File;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;
import javax.xml.transform.Transformer;
import javax.xml.transform.TransformerFactory;
import javax.xml.transform.dom.DOMSource;
import javax.xml.transform.stream.StreamResult;
import org.w3c.dom.Document;
import org.w3c.dom.Element;
import org.w3c.dom.NamedNodeMap;
import org.w3c.dom.Node;
import org.w3c.dom.NodeList;

public class ModifyXmlFileDemo {

public static void main(String argv[]) {

   try {
      File inputFile = new File("input.txt"); 	    	
      DocumentBuilderFactory docFactory =
      DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
      DocumentBuilder docBuilder = 
      docFactory.newDocumentBuilder();
      Document doc = docBuilder.parse(inputFile);
      Node cars = doc.getFirstChild();
      Node supercar = doc.getElementsByTagName("supercars").item(0);
      
      // update supercar attribute
      NamedNodeMap attr = supercar.getAttributes();
      Node nodeAttr = attr.getNamedItem("company");
      nodeAttr.setTextContent("Lamborigini");

      // loop the supercar child node
      NodeList list = supercar.getChildNodes();
      for (int temp = 0; temp < list.getLength(); temp++) {
         Node node = list.item(temp);
         if (node.getNodeType() == Node.ELEMENT_NODE) {
            Element eElement = (Element) node;
            if ("carname".equals(eElement.getNodeName())){
               if("Ferrari 101".equals(eElement.getTextContent())){
                  eElement.setTextContent("Lamborigini 001");
               }
            if("Ferrari 202".equals(eElement.getTextContent()))
               eElement.setTextContent("Lamborigini 002");
            }
         }
      }
      
      NodeList childNodes = cars.getChildNodes();
      for(int count = 0; count < childNodes.getLength(); count++){
         Node node = childNodes.item(count);
         if("luxurycars".equals(node.getNodeName()))
            cars.removeChild(node);
         }
         
         // write the content on console
         TransformerFactory transformerFactory = 
         TransformerFactory.newInstance();
         Transformer transformer = transformerFactory.newTransformer();
         DOMSource source = new DOMSource(doc);
         System.out.println("-----------Modified File-----------");
         StreamResult consoleResult = new StreamResult(System.out);
         transformer.transform(source, consoleResult);
      } catch (Exception e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
      }
   }
}

The above program will generate the following result −

-----------Modified File-----------
<?xml version = "1.0" encoding = "UTF-8" standalone = "no"?>
<cars>
<supercars company = "Lamborigini">
<carname type = "formula one">Lamborigini 001</carname>
<carname type = "sports">Lamborigini 002</carname>
</supercars></cars>


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