wxPython - Drawing API
GDI+ (Graphics Drawing Interface), CoreGraphics and Cairo libraries form the framework of drawing API in wxPython. wx.GraphicsContext is the primary drawable object, using which various Device Context objects are created.
wx.DC is an abstract class. Its derived classes are used to render graphics and text on different devices. The Device Context classes are −
wx.ScreenDC − Use this to paint on the screen, as opposed to an individual window.
wx.ClientDC − Use this to paint on the client area of the window (the part without borders and other decorations), but do not use it from within an wxPaintEvent.
wx.PaintDC − Use this to paint on the client area of the window, but only from within a wxPaintEvent.
wx.WindowDC − Use this to paint on the whole area of the window, including decorations. This may not be available on non-Windows platforms.
Drawing API of wxPython offers different functions for drawing shape, text and image. Objects required for drawing purpose, like Colour, Pen, Brush and Font can also be constructed using GDI classes.
Colour object represents combination of RGB (RED, Green and Blue) intensity values, each on the scale of 0-255. There are a few predefined colour objects like −
Color with custom combination of RGB values is formed as wx.Colour object.
Pen object determines the colour, width and style of the shape of graphics like line, rectangle, circle etc.
Predefined Pen objects are −
Predefined Pen styles are −
Brush is another elementary graphics object required to fill the backgrounds of shapes such as rectangle, ellipse, circle etc.
A custom Brush object requires wx.Colour and Brush style parameters. The following is a list of predefined brush styles −
wxPython has a number of functions that facilitate drawing different shapes, text and image.
|S.N.||Functions & Description|
Draws a rectangle of given dimensions
Draws a circle at the given point as center and radius
Draws an ellipse with the given x and y radius
Draws a line beween two wx.Point objects
Draw an image at the given position
Displays the given text at the specified position
The above functions are implemented in the following example, making use of Pen, Brush, Colour and Font objects.
The complete code is as follows −
import wx class Mywin(wx.Frame): def __init__(self, parent, title): super(Mywin, self).__init__(parent, title = title,size = (500,300)) self.InitUI() def InitUI(self): self.Bind(wx.EVT_PAINT, self.OnPaint) self.Centre() self.Show(True) def OnPaint(self, e): dc = wx.PaintDC(self) brush = wx.Brush("white") dc.SetBackground(brush) dc.Clear() dc.DrawBitmap(wx.Bitmap("python.jpg"),10,10,True) color = wx.Colour(255,0,0) b = wx.Brush(color) dc.SetBrush(b) dc.DrawCircle(300,125,50) dc.SetBrush(wx.Brush(wx.Colour(255,255,255))) dc.DrawCircle(300,125,30) font = wx.Font(18, wx.ROMAN, wx.ITALIC, wx.NORMAL) dc.SetFont(font) dc.DrawText("Hello wxPython",200,10) pen = wx.Pen(wx.Colour(0,0,255)) dc.SetPen(pen) dc.DrawLine(200,50,350,50) dc.SetBrush(wx.Brush(wx.Colour(0,255,0), wx.CROSS_HATCH)) dc.DrawRectangle(380, 15, 90, 60) ex = wx.App() Mywin(None,'Drawing demo') ex.MainLoop()
The above code produces the following output −