What is the Network Operating System?

The operating system is a software which handles the computer's functionality like scheduling, input/output operation, resource allocation, file system manipulation, etc. and it acts as an interface between the user and hardware.

The different types of operating systems are as follows −

  • Batch Operating System

  • Multiprogramming Operating System

  • Multitasking Operating System

  • Multiprocessing Operating System

  • Real time Operating System

Now let us discuss the Network operating system.

Network Operating System

The OS specializes in network devices such as a router, switch, or firewall. The OS manages these network resources. The OS supports workstations, Personal Computers (PCs), older terminals connected on a Local Area Network (LAN).

Examples of Network OSs are Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Microsoft Windows Server 2008, UNIX, Linux, Mac OS X, etc.

The OS thus facilitates connecting and communicating various autonomous computers over a network. Its purpose is to support workstations, share databases, sharing of application, and sharing of file and printer access amongst computers in a network.

The network OS is depicted below −

Functions of Network OS

The functions of Network OS are as follows −

  • It includes special functions to connect computers and devices into a LAN.

  • Provides protocol support.

  • Provides processor support.

  • Hardware detection.

  • Multiprocessing support for applications.

  • Provides security features such as authorizations, authentication, restrictions, and access control.

  • Provides features for file, printing, web service, and replication.

  • It is responsible for name services and directory management.

  • It provides user management functionality.

  • It provides remote access.

  • It provisions system management.

  • Offers internetworking features such as routing and Wide Area Network (WAN) ports.

  • It has capabilities for clustering.

Updated on: 26-Nov-2021

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