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What is the difference between SOAP and RESTful Web Services in information security?
SOAP Web Services
SOAP stands for Simple Object Access Protocol. It is a XML-based protocol for accessing web services. It is produced as an intermediate language so that applications built in multiple programming languages can communicate with each other efficiently. Web services use SOAP for share of XML data among applications.
SOAP provides both stateful and stateless operations. Stateful defines that the server keeps the data that it receives from the client across multiple requests. These requests are chained so that the server is aware about the prior requests. Examples are bank transactions, flight bookings, etc. Stateless messaging has adequate information about the state of the client so that the server does not have to bother.
Restful Web Service
REST stands for Representational State Transfer. It is an architectural approach for communication objectives often used in several web services development. It is a stateless client-server model. Web services that are defined on the term of REST are RESTful web services.
When a client creates a request via RESTful API, it transfers the description of the state of the resources to the server. This information can be transferred in several formats via HTTP like, JSON, HTML, XLT, and Plain Text, but JSON is the most common language used because of its easy readability by machines and humans.
In REST Architecture, everything is an asset. RESTful Web Services provides the correspondence between programming applications running on multiple stages and systems. It can be consider web Services as code on request. A RESTful Web Service is a capacity or technique which can be known by sending an HTTP solicitation to a URL, and the administration restores the result as the response.
Let us see the comparison between SOAP and Restful Web Service.
|SOAP stands for Simple Object Access
Protocol.||RESTful stands for Representational
|SOAP web service link the response with
XML because the actual response is
bundled inside a SOAP message which is
always in XML format.||RESTful web service can restore the
response in multiple formats like JSON,
XML, and HTML.|
|SOAP uses XML messages to recognize
the desired web process or resource to
be invoked.||RESTful web services use URL to
recognize the desired resources to be
|SOAP does not pose some restrictions
on transport. It can use such as HTTP or
MQ.||RESTful services use the famous HTTP
|SOAP cannot use RESTful services
because it is a protocol.||RESTful service can use SOAP web
services because it is an architectural
approach that can use some protocol
like HTTP and SOAP.|
|XML is the famous data exchange
format in SOAP web services.||JSON is the famous data exchange
format in RESTful web services.|
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