Let’s understand the difference between plot, axes, and figure with an example.
Plot − Plot helps to plot just one diagram with (x, y) coordinates.
Axes − Axes help to plot one or more diagrams in the same window and sets the location of the figure.
Figure − This method provides a top-level container for all the plot elements.
We can follow these steps to replicate the differences among them −
Create a new figure, or activate an existing figure, using plt.figure().
Add an axis to the figure as part of a subplot arrangement, using plt.add_subplot(xyz) where x is nrows, y is ncols and z is the index. Here taking x = 1(rows), y = 2(columns) and z = 1(position).
Draw the line bypassing the lists into the plt.plot() method.
To show the diagram, use the plt.show() method.
We will use plot, axes, and figure in the following code −
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt fig = plt.figure() # Activating figure ax1 = fig.add_subplot(121) # Setting up figure position plt.plot([3, 4, 1, 0, 3, 0], [1, 4, 4, 3, 0, 0]) # Drawing lines in the activated figure. plt.show()