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What is the difference between an IP Camera and CCTV Camera?
Let us begin by understanding what an IP Camera is.
IP camera is a network digital camera that need the Internet Protocol (IP) and has its IP address. An IP camera is used when defining video surveillance cameras.
An IP camera uses an Ethernet cable and sends a digital signal. This type of camera can be simply networked and can send a signal to a network video recorder (NVR) placed on a local or remote network.
IP cameras tend to capture better quality pictures, which is especially beneficial in the case of transferring targets, as frame rates can be adjusted according to the bandwidth supported. They supports two-way communication and therefore can send customized alert signals in the method of suspicious activity or other predefined appearances. Thou of gigabytes of video and image data can be stored in video servers, which can be retrieved at any time.
Types of IP Camera
There are various types of IP cameras which are as follows −
PTZ IP Camera
Pan-tilt-zoom (PTZ) cameras can regulate their field of view and angle through a remote operator, enabling users to track events with higher control. It can cover possibly huge areas and is generally used to monitor public outdoor spaces.
Fixed IP Camera
Fixed IP cameras work in a static position and support an individual view within the camera’s area of vision, continuously surveillance of subjects within a predetermined frame. Fixed cameras are broadly used both outdoors and indoors, frequently in retail stores and business offices.
Wireless IP Camera
Wireless IP cameras linked to a WiFi router to send video data. The footage is then shared to cloud storage or the camera’s local inherent storage. Wireless IP cameras can be the best answer for small homes, but a wired camera system is less affected by interference and is selected for higher areas.
CCTV stands for Closed Circuit Television. It is a closed system including video cameras, display devices (monitors) and wired or wireless data networks that enable us to transfer images from video cameras to monitors.
The video surveillance systems, including cameras and monitors, often include other devices, including servers, disk storage, user computers that enable saving and processing video data.
Video surveillance systems can be unified with security systems and several data systems. The video surveillance systems are designed to provide security at protected sites, monitor personnel activities, maintain track of production processes, etc.
Some cameras that newscast a signal can be connected to a CCTV system, whether it’s wired or wireless, but they are most frequently related to high-end surveillance cameras. The positioning of said cameras will also be important to the complete effectiveness of the CCTV system, with maximum coverage being the highest priority.
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