What does double question mark (??) operator mean in PHP ?

PHPProgrammingServer Side Programming

PHP 7 has added a new operator double question mark (??) operator. In PHP 7, the double question mark(??) operator known as Null Coalescing Operator.

It returns its first operand if it exists and is not NULL; otherwise, it returns its second operand. It evaluates from left to right. Null Coalescing operator also can be used in a chain format.

Let's take the below example to demonstrate the double question mark (??) operator.

Example

<?php
   //$a is not set
   echo $a ?? 9 ??45;
?>

Output

9

Example

<?php
   //$a is not set
   $b = 34;
   echo $a ?? $b ?? 7;
?>

Output

34
raja
Published on 26-Jun-2019 15:27:54
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