What do you mean by Listeners in TestNG?

TestNGFrameworkJava Programming

TestNG Listeners have the capacity to listen to a specific incident. It is basically an interface that changes the nature of the system. TestNG Listeners are used for logging purposes and creating reports.

There are two Listeners in Selenium. They are listed below −

  • TestNG Listeners.

  • WebDriver Listeners.

TestNG can be configured with the Listeners which can change the default behavior of the TestNG. TestNG Listeners are known as iTestListener (a TestNG interface). A java class implements the iTestListeners and at the same time overrides its methods. Each of these methods trigger an event.

The functions of TestNG listeners are listed below.

  • iSuiteListener − This consists of methods onStart() and onFinish(). As a java class implements this listener, TestNG shall call the onStart() and onFinish() methods at the beginning and at the end of the TestNG suite respectively. So before triggering our test suite for execution, the precondition onStart() test method is picked for execution by TestNG. Similarly after the execution of the test suite, post condition onFinish() test method is picked by TestNG.

  • iTestListener − This is similar in functionality as iSuiteListener. The only difference is that iTestListener is applicable before and after a Test and not Suite. It has seven methods.

  • onStart − This test method is invoked when the test begins.

  • onFinish − This test method is invoked after all the tests have completed execution.

  • onTestSuccess − This test method is invoked every time a test is successful.

  • onTestFailure − This test method is invoked every time a test is unsuccessful.

  • onTestSkipped − This test method is invoked every time a test is bypassed.

  • onTestFailedButWithinSuccessPercentage − This test method is invoked every time a test method annotated with successPercentage is not successful. But within the requested success percentage.

  • iInvokedMethodListener − This is similar in functionality as iTestListener and iSuiteListener. The only difference is that iInvokedMethodListener is applicable before and after every test method. It has two methods.

  • afterInvocation − This is called after every test method.

  • beforeInvocation − This is called before every test method.

Example

With iTestListener.

package tutorialspoint;
import org.testng.ITestContext;
import org.testng.ITestListener;
import org.testng.ITestResult;
//ITestListener interface which implements Testng listeners
public class Listener implements ITestListener {
   @Override
   public void onTestStart(ITestResult result) {
      // TODO Auto-generated method stub
   }
   @Override
   public void onTestSuccess(ITestResult result) {
      // TODO Auto-generated method stub
   }
   @Override
   public void onTestFailure(ITestResult result) {
      // TODO Auto-generated method stub
      //screenshot code
      System.out.println
      ("Failed test case name" + result.getName());
   }
   @Override
   public void onTestSkipped(ITestResult result) {
      // TODO Auto-generated method stub
   }
   @Override
   public void onTestFailedButWithinSuccessPercentage(ITestResult result) {
      // TODO Auto-generated method stub
   }
   @Override
   public void onStart(ITestContext context) {
      // TODO Auto-generated method stub
   }
   @Override
   public void onFinish(ITestContext context) {
      // TODO Auto-generated method stub
   }
}

In the Listener java class, onTestFailure() will print the name of the test method which has failed with the help of result.getName() method.

We can add this Listener class to the Java class file in two ways.

  • Listener tag in testng xml file.

  • Implement Listener to the test case class.

Example

With Listener tag in testng xml file.


<!DOCTYPE suite SYSTEM "http://testng.org/testng-1.0.dtd" >
<suite name = "Tutorialspoint Test">
   <listeners>
      <listener class-name="tutorialspoint.Listener"/>
   </listeners>
   <test name = "Test Cycle 1">
      <classes>
         <class name = "TestQA" />
      </classes>
   </test>
</suite>

Inside the <listeners> tag we have mentioned the path of the Listener class.

Example

By implementing TestNG listener to the test class.

package TestTutorials;
import org.testng.annotations.Test;
// This code will implement TestNG listeners
@Listeners(tutorialspoint.Listener.class)
public class TestCase {
   @Test
   public void Login() {
      System.out.println("Login is successful");
   }
}
raja
Published on 11-Jun-2020 16:26:49
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