What are the popular Hashing Algorithm?

A hashing algorithm is a mathematical algorithm that transform an input data array of a specific type and arbitrary length to an output bit string of a fixed length.

Hashing algorithms take any input and transform it to a uniform message by utilizing a hashing table.

There are some popular hashing algorithm are as follows −

MD5 − MD5 stands for message-digest algorithm. It is a cryptographic protocol used for authenticating messages and content verification and digital signatures. MD5 is based on a hash function that verifies a file and it can sent matches the file received by the person it can sent it to.

RSA − RSA stands for Rivest, Shamir, Adleman. They are the developer of public-key encryption technology, which is a public-key cryptosystem for secure information transmission. It is a standard encryption approach for transmitting sensitive information, particularly while transferring information over the internet.

In RSA cryptography, both the public and the private keys can encrypt a message; the reverse key from the one used to encrypt a message is used to decrypt it. This attribute is one reason why RSA has develop into the most broadly used asymmetric algorithm. It supports as an approach of providing the confidentiality, integrity, authenticity and non-reputability of digital communications and data storage.

Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA) − Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA) is a family of cryptographic hash functions that are used by extremely cryptocurrencies. This family of cryptographic hash functions were produced by the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Each hashing algorithm launched under the SHA family developed upon the final version and once 2000 there has not been a new SHA algorithm launched. SHA-384 is used to secure NSA data up to TOP SECRET.

Scrypt − This hash function is computationally exhaustive which by design takes relatively longer time to calculate. Because of the time complexity of the hash algorithm and the large memory volume needed. Scrypt hash algorithm is protect. Litecoin is the famous cryptocurrency that uses Scrypt to protect its blockchain.

Ethash − Ethash is a criterion-of-work mining algorithm created and performed by the Ethereum network. This hash algorithm was produced to meet three main concerns in the cryptocurrency community such as ASIC-resistance, light client verifiability and managing complete chain storage. Vitalik Buterin is credited with providing this hash algorithm.

LANMAN − The Microsoft LAN Manager hashing algorithm is called a LANMAN.

Legacy Windows systems used LANMAN to save passwords. The hash was produced by LANMAN using DES methods.

The problem with LANMAN’s implementation of the DES algorithm is the fact that it is not specifically protect, thus creating the hash vulnerable to brute force assaults, and enabling malicious actors to divide the LANMAN passwords in only a few short hours.