What are the new methods added to an Optional class in Java 9?

JavaObject Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

An Optional class provides a container that may or may not contain a non-null value. This Optional class introduced in Java 8 to reduce the number of places in the code where a NullPointerException can be generated. Java 9 added three new methods to Optional class: or(), ifPresentOrElse() and stream() that help us to deal with default values.

Optional.or()

The or() method introduced in Java 9 and the parameter of this method is a functional interface Supplier. This method always gives us an Optional object that is not empty. If the Optional object is not empty, it returns the Optional object itself. Otherwise, it returns an Optional object that the Supplier creates.

Example

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Optional;
public class OptionalOrMethodTest {
   public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
      String str = null;
      Optional<String> opt = Optional.ofNullable(str);
      Optional<String> result = opt.or(() -> Optional.of("Adithya"));
      System.out.println(result);
   }  
}

Output

Optional[Adithya]


Optional.ifPresentOrElse()

The ifPresentOrElse() method introduced in Java 9. It is similar to the ifPresent() method with one difference is that we have added one more Runnable parameter. In case, if an Optional object is empty, the object of the Runnable interface can be executed.

Example

import java.util.Optional;
public class OptionalIfPresentOrElseTest {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      String str = null;
      Optional<String> opt = Optional.ofNullable(str);
      opt.ifPresentOrElse(
            x -> System.out.println(x),
            () -> System.out.println("No value"));
   }
}

Output

No value


Optional.stream()

The Optional.stream() method is supported since Java 9. This method can be used to create a new stream object from an Optional object. If an Optional object contains a value, it returns the stream object containing that value.

Example

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Optional;
import java.util.stream.Stream;
public class OptionalStreamMethodTest {
   public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
      List<Optional<String>> list = List.of(
            Optional.of("Jai"),
            Optional.empty(),
            Optional.of("Adithya"));
      Stream<String> stream = list.stream().flatMap(Optional::stream);
      stream.forEach(System.out::println);
   }
}

Output

Jai
Adithya
raja
Published on 12-Feb-2020 11:49:33
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