What are the modifiers allowed for methods in an Interface in java?

Java 8Object Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

An interface in Java is a specification of method prototypes. Whenever you need to guide the programmer or, make a contract specifying how the methods and fields of a type should be you can define an interface.

In Java 7

As of Java7 you can have only public, abstract as modifiers for the methods of an interface.

interface MyInterface{
   public abstract void display();
   public abstract void setName(String name);
   public abstract void setAge(int age);
}

Using any other modifier with the methods of an interface would lead to a compile time error.

From Java8

From Java8 onwards interfaces allow default methods and static methods.

  • Static methods − A static method is declared using the static keyword and it will be loaded into the memory along with the class. You can access static methods using class name without instantiation.
  • You need to call static method of an interface using the name of the interface.

Example

 Live Demo

interface MyInterface{
   public void demo();
   public static void display() {
      System.out.println("This is a static method");
   }
}
public class InterfaceExample{
   public void demo() {
      System.out.println("This is the implementation of the demo method");
   }
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      InterfaceExample obj = new InterfaceExample();
      obj.demo();
      MyInterface.display();
   }
}

Output

This is the implementation of the demo method
This is a static method
  • Default methods − A default method is a default implementation of a method of an interface, if you have default method in an interface, there is no need to implement it in the classes that already implement this interface.
  • A default method is also known as defender method or virtual extension method. You can define a default method using the default keyword as −
default void display() {
   System.out.println("This is a default method");
}

Example

 Live Demo

interface sampleInterface{
   public void demo();
   default void display() {
      System.out.println("This is a default method");
   }
}
public class DefaultMethodExample implements sampleInterface{
   public void demo() {
      System.out.println("This is the implementation of the demo method");
   }
   public static void main(String args[]) {
      DefaultMethodExample obj = new DefaultMethodExample();
      obj.demo();
      obj.display();
   }
}

Output

This is the implementation of the demo method
This is a default method

From java 9

From Java9 onwards interfaces allow private and private static methods.

Example

interface MyInterface {
   public abstract void demo();
   public default void defaultMethod() {
      privateMethod();
      staticPrivateMethod();
      System.out.println("This is a default method of the interface");
   }

   public static void staticMethod() {
      staticPrivateMethod();
      System.out.println("This is a static method of the interface");
   }

   private void privateMethod(){
      System.out.println("This is a private method of the interface");
   }

   private static void staticPrivateMethod(){
      System.out.println("This is a static private method of the interface");
   }
}

public class InterfaceMethodsExample implements MyInterface {
   public void demo() {
      System.out.println("Implementation of the demo method");
   }

   public static void main(String[] args){
      InterfaceMethodsExample obj = new InterfaceMethodsExample();
      obj.defaultMethod();
      obj.demo();
      MyInterface.staticMethod();
   }
}

Output

This is a private method of the interface
This is a static private method of the interface
This is a default method of the interface
Implementation of the demo method
This is a static private method of the interface
This is a static method of the interface
raja
Updated on 30-Jul-2019 22:30:26

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