What are the applications of cryptography in information security?

Information SecuritySafe & SecurityData Structure

There are various applications of cryptography which are as follows −

Secrecy in Transmission − Some existing secrecy systems for transmission access a private key system for converting transmitted data because it is the quickest approach that functions with rational guarantee and low overhead.

If the multiple conversing parties is minute, key distribution is implemented periodically with a courier service and key preservation based on physical security of the keys over the method of use and destruction after new keys are disseminated.

Secrecy in Storage − Secrecy in storage is frequently preserved by a one-key system where the user provide the key to the computer at the commencement of a session, and the system creates concern of encryption and decryption during the phase of normal use.

Integrity in Transmission − Some users of communication systems are not as much worried concerning secrecy as about integrity. In a computer funds transfer, the sum sent from one account to another is usually public knowledge.

If an operating tapper can bring in a false transfer, funds can be shared illegally. An inaccuracy in an individual bit can cause millions of dollars to be wrongly credited or debited. Cryptographic methods are generally used to provide that intentional or accidental modification of transmitted data does not cause flawed actions to appear.

Integrity in Storage − The central meaning of assuring integrity of accumulated data has previously been access control. Access control contains systems of locks and keys, guards, and other approaches of a physical or logical feature.

The recent advent of computer viruses has altered this to an important degree, and the use of cryptographic checksums for assuring the integrity of stored data is becoming broad.

Authentication of Identity − Authenticating the identity of individuals or systems to each other has been a difficulty for a very long time. Simple passwords have been used to test identity. More compound protocols such as sequence of keywords exchanged between sets of parties are generally display in the movies or on television.

Credentialing Systems − A credential is generally a file that introduces one party to another by referencing a usually known trusted party. When credit is used for, references are usually requested. The credit of the references is determined and they are contacted to discover out the tested of the applicant. Credit cards are generally used to credential an individual to achieve more credit cards.

Electronic Signatures − Electronic signatures are a means of monetary a lawfully binding transaction among two or more parties. It can be as functional as a physical signature, electronic signatures should be at least as hard to fake at least as simple to use, and accepted in a court of law as binding upon some parties to the operation.

The necessity for these electronic signatures is especially intense in business dealings wherein the parties to an agreement are not in the similar physical vicinity.

Updated on 04-Mar-2022 10:48:51