What are implicit and explicit type conversions in C language?

CServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Converting one data type into another data type is called type conversions.

  • Implicit type conversion
  • Explicit type conversion

Implicit type conversion

  • The compiler provides implicit type conversions when operands are of different data types.

  • It is automatically done by the compiler by converting smaller data type into a larger data type.

int i,x;
float f;
double d;
long int l;

Here, the above expression finally evaluates to a ‘double’ value.

Example

Following is an example for implicit type conversion −

int x;
for(x=97; x<=122; x++){
   printf("%c", x); /*Implicit casting from int to char %c*/
}

Explicit type conversion

  • Explicit type conversion is done by the user by using (type) operator.

  • Before the conversion is performed, a runtime check is done to see if the destination type can hold the source value.

int a,c;
float b;
c = (int) a + b

Here, the resultant of ‘a+b’ is converted into ‘int’ explicitly and then assigned to ‘c’.

Example

Following is an example for explicit type conversion −

int x;
for(x=97; x<=122; x++){
   printf("%c", (char)x); /*Explicit casting from int to char*/
}

Let us see the difference between the two types of conversions with examples −

Example (Implicit conversion)

 Live Demo

#include<stdio.h>
main(){
   int i=40;
   float a;
   //Implicit conversion
   a=i;
   printf("implicit value:%f\n",a);
}

Output

Implicit value:40.000000

Example (Explicit Conversion)

 Live Demo

#include<stdio.h>
main(){
   int i=40;
   short a;
   //Explicit conversion
   a=(short)i;
   printf("explicit value:%d\n",a);
}

Output

Explicit value:40
raja
Published on 08-Mar-2021 12:53:46
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