WebDriver executeAsyncScript vs executeScript in Selenium

SeleniumAutomation TestingTesting Tools

There are differences between executeAsyncScript and executeScript methods. For an executeScript method, JavaScript Executor runs the JavaScript with the reference to the present selected window or frame. The script within the method shall run as the body of the unnamed function.

Inside the script, the documents are used to point to the present document. Also, the local variables will not be present as the script has completed execution. However, the global variables shall be present.

If the script consists of a return statement, then the below rules are followed −

  • A webelement is returned for an HTML element.

  • A double is returned for a decimal number.

  • A long is returned for a non-decimal number.

  • A Boolean is returned for a Boolean number.

  • A string is returned for all the other cases.

  • A list of objects is returned following the above rules for an array.

  • If the value is null or there is nothing to return, a null is returned.

The arguments of the executeScript method can be Boolean, string, webelement, list or a number. An exception is raised, if the arguments are not of these types. The arguments shall be available using the arguments keyword.

Syntax

JavascriptExecutor j = (JavascriptExecutor) driver;
String str = (String) j.executeScript("return document.readyState");

Example

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.JavascriptExecutor;
public class ExecuteScriptMethod{
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver",
      "C:\\Users\\ghs6kor\\Desktop\\Java\\chromedriver.exe");
      WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
      driver.get("https://www.tutorialspoint.com/index.htm");
      // Javascript executor
      JavascriptExecutor j = (JavascriptExecutor) driver;
      //executeScript method
      String str = (String) j.executeScript("return document.readyState");
      System.out.println(str);
      driver.quit();
   }
}

For an executeAsyncScript method, JavaScript Executor runs an asynchronous part of JavaScript with the reference to the present selected window or frame. In comparison to executeScript, the scripts run with this method should clearly point that they are completed by invoking the given callback.

The callback is always added as the last argument within the executed function. The first argument passed is used to get the script result. The values returned are handled in the similar way as the synchronous method.

We can perform the below tasks with the executeAsyncScript method −

  • To set the browser timeout.

  • To synchronize a test with an AJAX application.

  • To inject an XMLHttpRequest and wait for the result.

The arguments of executeAsyncScript method can be Boolean, string, webelement, list or a number. An exception is raised, if the arguments are not of these types. The arguments shall be available using the arguments keyword.

Syntax

JavascriptExecutor j = (JavascriptExecutor) driver;
j.executeAsyncScript
("window.setTimeout(arguments[arguments.length − 1], 800);");

Example

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import org.openqa.selenium.JavascriptExecutor;
public class ExecuteAsyncScriptMethod{
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver",
      "C:\\Users\\ghs6kor\\Desktop\\Java\\chromedriver.exe");
      WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
      driver.get("https://www.tutorialspoint.com/index.htm");
      //get current system time
      long s = System.currentTimeMillis();
      // Javascript executor
      JavascriptExecutor j = (JavascriptExecutor) driver;
      //executeAsyncScript method to set timeout
      j.executeAsyncScript
      ("window.setTimeout(arguments[arguments.length − 1], 800);");
      System.out.println(
      "Time Elapsed is: " + (System.currentTimeMillis() − s));
      driver.quit();
   }
}
raja
Published on 01-Feb-2021 16:54:05
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