vector insert() function in C++ STL

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

vector insert() function in C++ STL helps to increase the size of a container by inserting the new elements before the elements at the specified position.

It is a predefined function in C++ STL.

We can insert values with three types of syntaxes

1. Insert values by mentioning only the position and value:

vector_name.insert(pos,value);

2. Insert values by mentioning the position, value and the size:

vector_name.insert(pos,size,value);

3. Insert values in another empty vector form a filled vector by mentioning the position, where the values are to be inserted and iterators of filled vector:

empty_eector_name.insert(pos,iterator1,iterator2);

Algorithm

Begin
   Declare a vector v with values.
   Declare another empty vector v1.
   Declare another vector iter as iterator.
   Insert a value in v vector before the beginning.
   Insert another value with mentioning its size before the beginning.
   Print the values of v vector.
   Insert all values of v vector in v1 vector with mentioning the iterator of v vector.
   Print the values of v1 vector.
End.

Example

 Live Demo

#include<iostream>
#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;

int main() {
   vector<int> v = { 50,60,70,80,90},v1;        //declaring v(with values), v1 as vector.
   vector<int>::iterator iter;                  //declaring an iterator
   iter = v.insert(v.begin(), 40);              //inserting a value in v vector before the beginning.
   iter = v.insert(v.begin(), 1, 30);           //inserting a value with its size in v vector before the beginning.
   cout << "The vector1 elements are: \n";
   for (iter = v.begin(); iter != v.end(); ++iter)
      cout << *iter << " "<<endl;             // printing the values of v vector
   v1.insert(v1.begin(), v.begin(), v.end()); //inserting all values of v in v1 vector.
   cout << "The vector2 elements are: \n";
   for (iter = v1.begin(); iter != v1.end(); ++iter)
      cout << *iter << " "<<endl;            // printing the values of v1 vector
   return 0;
}

Output

The vector1 elements are:
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
The vector2 elements are:
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
raja
Published on 02-Apr-2019 18:11:11
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