Understanding Agile Triangle’s Role in Product Development

For so many years, project leaders have used the iron triangle to integrate and maintain quality product delivery by focusing on expense, scope, and timetable.

Even so, despite the modern world's rapid technological advancements, the iron triangle has managed to fail in product development because it fails to consider many relevant factors such as importance, threat, roles and responsibilities, and obstacles. As a result, many businesses now use the "agile triangle" as a replacement.

The agile triangle role in product development focuses on providing elevated products with a simple workflow while remaining open to the world's rapid technological advances.

Let’s understand how agile triangles play a role in product development, but first, let’s discuss what an Agile triangle is.

Overview of Agile Triangles

A variety of businesses and projects have switched to a new framework as a result of the rapid ripple of inventions that characterizes the world of technology. This new framework is closer to making each other respond to customer feedback and the constantly changing changes in product prerequisites, rules and regs, and industry practices.

The agile triangle uses constraints (cost, scope, and schedule) along with quality (intrinsic quality), value (extrinsic quality), and value as a metric for product development. It was created using the Agile methodology, which takes into account these three aspects as well as emphasizing collaboration and teamwork and also the product's business value.

So here we discussed more details on it.


An agile project's quality includes dependability, uninterrupted delivery of value to the customer, and product ability to adapt.


The agile triangle defines value as what stakeholders aspire to and need from the task or project, with such a concentration on producing a publicly released and useful product.


The agile triangle takes priority to provide users with value and quality, while limitations are employed to better clarify project schedules and timeframes.


Collaboration is essential in any agile project because it keeps all stakeholder groups informed of project progress and keeps the project team informed of new standards.

Concentrate on Business Value

The agile manifesto states that the "top priority is really to satisfy the customer. To make sure that your organization adopts this concept, product managers should simply define the desired business results and “discourse specifications to the project team.

Agile Triangle's Three Vertices

  • Product Owner − The overarching business procedures are the responsibility of the Product Owner (PO). He or she fulfills the user's request.

  • Scrum Master − The team's correct adherence to all Agile procedures is monitored by the scrum master (SM). He or she serves as a point of contact between the PO and the whole team.

  • Engineering Team − The engineering team is made up of developers, designers of user interfaces and databases, testers, system architects, and other individuals. They are in charge of the product's design, coding, testing, and deployment.

Agile Triangles Role in Product Development

You know that the iron triangle is constructed on the three constraints of time, cost, and scope, and any change in one of these would then necessitate a shift in the others. The scope of a project is usually suggested at the start of this methodology, whereas time and cost can be tailored to fulfil an appropriate strategy.

Nevertheless, the scope of a task can be modified throughout its lifecycle due to emerging new tech, new rules, changes in customer preferences or needs and wants, and so forth.

When planning a software project, you might define the project scope to include all the characteristics you desire; however, as new govt rules & regulations are implemented, the scope may need to be modified to reflect these requirements.

This may translate into higher labour costs when hiring the staff required to carry out the new changes, as well as longer project timelines, which could finally result in cost shortfalls and delayed delivery processes.

A different strategy is used by the agile triangle. It fixes the elements of time and funds but leaves the scope open-ended so that it can adjust and develop over time in response to shifting expectations. This gives plenty of room for additional customer reviews, new rules, and starting emerging industry practices to be taken into account within the allocated spending and timeline.

The agile triangle essentially permits scope variation because you may not understand all of the projects at the outset; your scope will evolve as you gain knowledge more about it.


The iron triangle, which tends to focus on cost, scope, and schedule to measure project success, was one of the first tools used for product development. Even so, one such technique has proven to be ineffective in product development over time, prompting project managers, businesses, and experts to look for an alternate solution.

It thus led directly to the agile triangle, which focuses on quality, value, and constraints to assess project success. So, it gives you a better understanding of the Agie triangles role in product development.

Updated on: 28-Feb-2023


Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started