Ultimate Guide to Understanding Virtualization

With the development of technology in every line of work, users are no longer appropriately utilizing IT resources, resulting in underutilized system resources that may be employed by the virtualization technique. We shall comprehend the method of virtualizing material assets, data, and storage utilizing specialized virtualization software in this essay on what virtualization is.

Virtualization is essential in today's world. There are several applications, ranging from PC usage at the consumer level to cloud services at the business level.

Definition of Virtualization

To fully use the underlying capabilities of your system, virtualization is a method for creating several virtually mimicked instances over the computer hardware. Our personal and professional needs are more productive and efficient as a result.

The software hypervisor enables the distribution of system components, such as storage, memory, and processor, among numerous secure virtual computers created using the hypervisor and referred to as virtual machines (VMs). Each VM has a dedicated operating system that utilizes a portion of the system's hardware resources.

What is a Virtual Machine?

The virtual machine emulates or represents an actual device in a virtual environment to run several operating systems on the same computer. The host OS is the operating system that runs the virtual machine on the physical system, while the guest OS is the operating system that is installed using the virtual machine.

You can share and use the same physical components indicated previously across many virtual computers, each with its separate operating system.

As additional virtual machines are established on an operating system virtualization software or hypervisor (let's call it OSVS), they share the same physical resources.

What are a hypervisor and its applications?

A form of system software called a hypervisor acts as a link between physical and virtual systems. It is responsible for allocating and exploiting hardware resources for the benefit of the multiple virtual machines running on a physical host. Because of this, hypervisors are frequently referred to as virtual machine administrators.

This system software acts as a user-machine interface for virtualization, with or without a graphical user interface. An excellent example of one such hypervisor is VMware FXI.

A hypervisor is made up of three components, namely −

Dispatcher − It serves as the monitor's entry point and directs the allocator to follow the instructions given by the virtual machine instance.

Allocator − Upon receiving orders from the virtual machine, the dispatcher calls the allocator, which distributes the system resources to the virtual machine.

Interpreter - Every time a privileged instruction is carried out by a virtual machine, interpreter routines are executed. The dispatcher also makes use of this.

Various Hypervisors

Form 1 − Bare Metal − It is also referred to as a bare-metal hypervisor. This type of hypervisor communicates directly with said hardware resources of the machine, taking the place of the host operating system.

Form 2 − This hypervisor interacts with the VMS for physical hardware management and operates as a software program on the host OS.

Various Forms of Virtualization

Network Virtualization − The program creates a virtual version of the network and may be managed from a single console. Network management is simplified by abstracting hardware functions and parts (such as switches, routers, etc.).

Network virtualization types

Hardware that manages the routing of network traffic is virtualized by software-defined networking (SDN).

Hardware appliances that provide network-specific functions, such as firewalls, etc., are virtualized through network function virtualization (NFV), making them simpler to configure and manage.

Desktop Virtualization − With this kind of virtualization, you can run different operating systems on the same system, each in its own virtual machine.

Desktop virtualization types include −

According to the user's needs, virtual desktop infrastructure hosts many virtual machines to the host system on a single central server. Without actually installing the operating system on their local PC, you can access any operating system from any device in this way.

Local desktop virtualization allows the user to install numerous operating systems simultaneously without harming the host's operating system because the hypervisor is run on the local system.

Storage Virtualization − This virtualization makes it possible to access and control every storage device on the system as a single storage unit pool for easier maintenance.

The storage virtualization consolidates all available storage into a single pool, which can then be available to any networked virtual machine (VM).

This process makes it simpler for the hypervisor to allot storage for virtual machines while maximizing efficiency and preventing hardware resources from our system from being wasted.

GPU Virtualization − This specific virtualization type improves computing efficiency by assisting with demanding graphic processing or other related tasks.

To perform tasks like graphics-related work, intensive video editing, and some aspects of Artificial Intelligence (AI), this virtualization integrates multiple VMs or uses a single VM.

Cloud Virtualization −Because it virtualizes a cloud server, database, storage, and other hardware resources, this virtualization strongly depends on the virtualization process.

Cloud virtualization provides the following services −

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) − This service supports by virtualizing a server, network, and storage-related duties, allowing you to tailor them to your specific requirements.

PaaS (Platform as a Service) − This service is required for virtualizing databases, applications, and development tools.

Software as a Service (SaaS) − As the name implies, this service provides virtualization for software-based applications to be hosted on the cloud.

Benefits of Virtualization

  • Resource management & efficiency.
  • Time management
  • minimum downtime (downtime-the time lost because of OS or Server Crashes)


The virtualization technique allows you to generate many simulated environments or dedicated resources from one hardware system. A hypervisor is software that links directly to that hardware and will enable you to divide a single system into independent, discrete, and safe environments known as virtual computers (VMs). These virtual machines rely on the hypervisor's ability to segregate the machine's resources from the hardware and distribute them correctly. Virtualization allows you to maximize the return on past investments.

Updated on: 12-Dec-2022


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